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The Evolution Of Euromaidan

Euromaidan -- the name given to the pro-European protests in Ukraine's capital, Kyiv -- started late on November 21, 2013, when up to 2,000 protesters gathered on the city's central Maidan Nezalezhnosti (Independence Square). The movement, sparked by President Viktor Yanukovych's abrupt decision to abandon talks on a pact on closer relations with the European Union, started peacefully, but did not end that way. The violence started with the government's crackdown on protesters overnight on November 30. Months later, Yanukovych would flee the country and around 100 protesters would be dead.

Protesters hold Ukrainian and European Union flags during a rally to support European integration in central Kyiv on November 21, 2013.
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Protesters hold Ukrainian and European Union flags during a rally to support European integration in central Kyiv on November 21, 2013.

A protester on Kyiv's Independence Square on November 24, 2013, the biggest protest rally in Ukraine's capital since the 2004 Orange Revolution. The opposition called the rally after President Viktor Yanukovych's government reversed a plan to sign a historic deal deepening ties with the EU, in a U-turn critics said was forced by the Kremlin.
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A protester on Kyiv's Independence Square on November 24, 2013, the biggest protest rally in Ukraine's capital since the 2004 Orange Revolution. The opposition called the rally after President Viktor Yanukovych's government reversed a plan to sign a historic deal deepening ties with the EU, in a U-turn critics said was forced by the Kremlin.

At about 4.30 a.m. on November 30, soldiers of the Berkut riot-police unit violently dispersed Euromaidan activists who had stayed on Independence Square for the night.
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At about 4.30 a.m. on November 30, soldiers of the Berkut riot-police unit violently dispersed Euromaidan activists who had stayed on Independence Square for the night.

The violent dispersal of protests by the Berkut sparked riots the following day in Kyiv. On December 1, protesters reoccupied the square and further clashes with the authorities and political ultimatums by the opposition ensued for the rest of the month.
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The violent dispersal of protests by the Berkut sparked riots the following day in Kyiv. On December 1, protesters reoccupied the square and further clashes with the authorities and political ultimatums by the opposition ensued for the rest of the month.

Protesters clash with police during the storming of the presidential office in Kyiv during a mass opposition rally on December 1, 2013.
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Protesters clash with police during the storming of the presidential office in Kyiv during a mass opposition rally on December 1, 2013.

Euromaidan protesters gather in central Kyiv on December 8.
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Euromaidan protesters gather in central Kyiv on December 8.

Pro-European protesters sleep inside Kyiv City Hall on December 7, 2013. Thousands of protesters gathered in Kyiv to demand the government's resignation and early elections. They blocked the cabinet of ministers' building and occupied a labor-union building and the city administration, where they had hoisted the EU flag a day earlier.
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Pro-European protesters sleep inside Kyiv City Hall on December 7, 2013. Thousands of protesters gathered in Kyiv to demand the government's resignation and early elections. They blocked the cabinet of ministers' building and occupied a labor-union building and the city administration, where they had hoisted the EU flag a day earlier.

People surround a statue of Soviet state founder Vladimir Lenin, which was toppled by protesters during a rally organized by supporters of EU integration in Kyiv on December 8, 2013.
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People surround a statue of Soviet state founder Vladimir Lenin, which was toppled by protesters during a rally organized by supporters of EU integration in Kyiv on December 8, 2013.

Pro-European protesters stand on a barricade built to block the way to Independence Square in Kyiv on December 9.
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Pro-European protesters stand on a barricade built to block the way to Independence Square in Kyiv on December 9.

Riot police storm a barricade held by protesters on Independence Square in Kyiv late on December 11, 2013. The demonstrators defiantly refused to leave and resisted the police in a tense standoff. Berkut riot police and Interior Ministry special forces moved against the protesters at around 2 a.m. in a move that prompted U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry to express "disgust" over the crackdown.
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Riot police storm a barricade held by protesters on Independence Square in Kyiv late on December 11, 2013. The demonstrators defiantly refused to leave and resisted the police in a tense standoff. Berkut riot police and Interior Ministry special forces moved against the protesters at around 2 a.m. in a move that prompted U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry to express "disgust" over the crackdown.

Ukrainian opposition leaders Arseniy Yatsenyuk and Vitali Klitschko speak to protesters in Independence Square on December 29, 2013.
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Ukrainian opposition leaders Arseniy Yatsenyuk and Vitali Klitschko speak to protesters in Independence Square on December 29, 2013.

Pro-European protesters take part in New Year celebrations on Independence Square in central Kyiv on January 1, 2014.
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Pro-European protesters take part in New Year celebrations on Independence Square in central Kyiv on January 1, 2014.

The Ukrainian parliament votes for antiprotest laws, which themselves sparked a fresh wave of protests on January 16, 2014. 
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The Ukrainian parliament votes for antiprotest laws, which themselves sparked a fresh wave of protests on January 16, 2014. 

Pro-EU protesters clash with Ukrainian riot police during a rally near government administration buildings in Kyiv on January 19, 2014. Protesters attacked riot police with sticks and tried to overturn a bus blocking their path to parliament, as up to 100,000 Ukrainians massed in defiance of sweeping new laws aimed at stamping out antigovernment demonstrations.
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Pro-EU protesters clash with Ukrainian riot police during a rally near government administration buildings in Kyiv on January 19, 2014. Protesters attacked riot police with sticks and tried to overturn a bus blocking their path to parliament, as up to 100,000 Ukrainians massed in defiance of sweeping new laws aimed at stamping out antigovernment demonstrations.

Protesters clash with riot police in downtown Kyiv on January 22, 2014. 
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Protesters clash with riot police in downtown Kyiv on January 22, 2014. 

People gather at the the site of clashes between pro-European protesters and riot police in Kyiv on January 23.
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People gather at the the site of clashes between pro-European protesters and riot police in Kyiv on January 23.

Tents of antigovernment protesters are seen in Independence Square in temperatures of around minus 19 degrees Celsius in central Kyiv on January 30.
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Tents of antigovernment protesters are seen in Independence Square in temperatures of around minus 19 degrees Celsius in central Kyiv on January 30.

A still photo from a video by RFE/RL's Ukrainian Service shows Ukrainian security personnel with a Kalashnikov assault rifle and sniper rifle in a confrontation with protesters in Kyiv on February 20, 2014. Dozens of protesters are believed to have been killed by gunfire on this day.
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A still photo from a video by RFE/RL's Ukrainian Service shows Ukrainian security personnel with a Kalashnikov assault rifle and sniper rifle in a confrontation with protesters in Kyiv on February 20, 2014. Dozens of protesters are believed to have been killed by gunfire on this day.

Protesters stand behind burning barricades during a face-off against police in Kyiv on February 20.
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Protesters stand behind burning barricades during a face-off against police in Kyiv on February 20.

Protesters catch fire as they stand behind burning barricades during clashes with police in Kyiv on February 20. Numbers vary, but Euromaidan activists say around 100 protesters were killed in total during the antigovernment protests.
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Protesters catch fire as they stand behind burning barricades during clashes with police in Kyiv on February 20. Numbers vary, but Euromaidan activists say around 100 protesters were killed in total during the antigovernment protests.

Pictures of people who were killed during the winter protests are attached to a bridge as municipal workers clean up a barricade on Independence Square in Kyiv on August 11, 2014. The downtown area of the Ukrainian capital was reopened after citizens had cleaned up the central streets two days previously.
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Pictures of people who were killed during the winter protests are attached to a bridge as municipal workers clean up a barricade on Independence Square in Kyiv on August 11, 2014. The downtown area of the Ukrainian capital was reopened after citizens had cleaned up the central streets two days previously.

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