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Lawyer Gets Jail Term After Posting About Injustice In The Tajik Justice System

Saidnuriddin Shamsiddinov, a 41-year-old Tajik attorney and former bailiff, has just been sentenced to 8 1/2 years in prison. (file photo)
Saidnuriddin Shamsiddinov, a 41-year-old Tajik attorney and former bailiff, has just been sentenced to 8 1/2 years in prison. (file photo)

One of the most hazardous jobs in Tajikistan is being a lawyer -- at least the type of lawyer who believes in genuine justice.

Buzurgmehr Yorov and Nuriddin Makhkamov are two examples.

Yorov suddenly faced criminal charges after daring to defend Tajik opposition figures in court and Makhkamov faced similar charges after trying to defend Yorov.

Both were convicted of fraud, inciting national, racial, local, or religious hostility, and extremism, despite the prosecutors' failure to present any evidence to support the charges. Yorov was sentenced in 2016 to 23 years in prison, with five additional years being added at a later trial, while Makhkamov was sentenced that same year to 21 years in prison.

Buzurgmehr Yorov (file photo)
Buzurgmehr Yorov (file photo)

Fast forward five years and you have Saidnuriddin Shamsiddinov, a 41-year-old attorney and former bailiff who was just sentenced to 8 1/2 years in prison after a Vakhsh court found him guilty of seven crimes, among them the illegal sale of land, fraud, and purposefully spreading false information.

Shamsiddinov's relatives reject the charges and verdict and say the real reason for Shamsiddinov's imprisonment was his criticism about prosecutors and judges in posts on social networks.

RFE/RL's Tajik Service, known locally as Ozodi, spoke with Shamsiddinov's brother, Kamariddin, who said Saidnuriddin posted under the name Saidi Sadr and regularly denounced judges and prosecutors.

Kamariddin recounted one of these posts in which Saidnuriddin wrote: "Some judges in Khatlon…embarked on the path of mistakes and decide the fate of people in the wrong way, unreasonably condemning many poor people."

Another of the posts read: "Judges of the Khatlon district court -- Boyzoda T.G., Akhmazoda M., and Rasulzoda -- violated the law for their own benefit."

Tajik President Emomali Rahmon (file photo)
Tajik President Emomali Rahmon (file photo)

These are exactly the sort of comments authoritarian Tajik President Emomali Rahmon has disingenuously called on citizens to make in order to rein in corruption and prevent flawed policies from continuing to damage society.

But in Tajikistan, authorities are sensitive to any criticism and those who criticize usually find themselves in court.

Fayzi Oli is one of Shamsiddinov's lawyers. He said the prosecution has a weak case.

"We reviewed all the material concerning the illegal sale of a plot of land. His father sold the land, and he is no longer alive, but the father's signature is still on the documents," Oli said, adding: "Regarding the publication of deliberately false information about the prosecutor, my client did not publish any illegal information."

Oli said that "as a lawyer, I testified at the trial that citizens have the right to complain to the president, the prosecutor-general, or the Supreme Court, but my colleague was all the same convicted for these reasons."

Another of Shamsiddinov's lawyers, Nusratullo Mirzoev, said his client used his final statement in court to declare his innocence and reject all the charges against him.

But the judge used the statement as evidence of Shamsiddinov's guilt.

Ozodi contacted the judge at the trial, Ahliddin Nazarzoda, but after hearing the question about Shamsiddinov, he hung up the phone and disconnected it.

Public prosecutor Abdumajid Saidzoda declared that allowing Shamsiddinov to remain free would be a threat to the safety of Tajik citizens.

Shamsiddinov's family plan to appeal the verdict, but in Tajikistan there is really no hope for an acquittal.

Saidnuriddin Shamsiddinov was only calling for a fair judiciary to emerge in Tajikistan, but he appears to have become the latest victim of an unjust practice that has been a hallmark of the country's court system throughout nearly 30 years of independence.

About This Blog

Qishloq Ovozi is a blog by RFE/RL Central Asia specialist Bruce Pannier that aims to look at the events that are shaping Central Asia and its respective countries, connect the dots to shed light on why those processes are occurring, and identify the agents of change.​

The name means "Village Voice" in Uzbek. But don't be fooled, Qishloq Ovozi is about all of Central Asia.


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