-- The Bishkek Declaration on Syria uses Moscow's language in supporting the plan for ridding Syria of chemical weapons. In a clear reference to the U.S., it opposes "illegal actions aimed at further militarization of the internal conflict in Syria."
-- This was Hassan Rohani's first foreign trip since becoming Iran's president in early August. In bilateral meetings with Putin and Xi, he pushed for help finding a diplomatic solution to the Iranian nuclear crisis and received words of support from both leaders. He also emphasized Tehran's role in finding a solution to the crisis in Syria.
-- The sides agreed to an international conference on Afghanistan to be held in Bishkek on October 10. Security following the pullout of U.S. troops from Afghanistan is a major concern of member states, but China and Russia, the two major SCO players, have competing interests in Afghanistan. There is no common security infrastructure between member states.
-- Chinese President Xi Jinping preceded the summit with a tour of Central Asia, signing a series of billion-dollar agreements on natural resources and infrastructure.
-- India asked for permanent member status in the organization, but there is currently no mechanism for adding members.
-- SCO member states are China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan. Afghanistan, India, Iran, Pakistan, and Mongolia have observer status, while Belarus, Turkey, and Sri Lanka are dialogue partners.
-- Glenn Kates
Rohani says his government is ready to cooperate with Russia in solving "regional issues" in the Middle East.
"The initiative of the Russian Federation, with regard to Syria, as well as the steps taken by the Syrian government, have given us hope that we can avoid a new war in the region," he said. "We believe, that the more active the consultation between our countries on regional issues - especially given the sensitive situation in the Middle East - the more will be done to address the problem."
"The human tragedy in Syria can only be resolved through political means with dialogue between the Syrian government and the Syrian groups opposed to it, without the specter of foreign military intervention. All parties who can exert influence, like Iran, should make efforts to help ensure that such constructive dialogue can take place."