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Live Blog: Ukraine In Crisis (Archive)

Follow all of the latest developments as they happen.

Ten-year-old Sasha stands in a bomb shelter in Donetsk in eastern Ukraine.


Final News Summary For September 29

-- We have started a new Ukraine Live Blog. Find it here.

-- Ukraine is marking 75 years since the World War II massacre of 33,771 Jews on the outskirts of Nazi-occupied Kyiv.

-- German Chancellor Angela Merkel has urged Russian President Vladimir Putin to stabilize a fragile cease-fire in Ukraine and do all he could to improve what Merkel called a "catastrophic humanitarian situation" in Syria.

-- Russia's Supreme Court has upheld a decision by a Moscow-backed Crimean court to ban the Mejlis, the self-governing body of Crimean Tatars in the occupied Ukrainian territory.

* NOTE: Times are stated according to local time in Kyiv (GMT/UTC +3)

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23:43 4.2.2016

A new feature by Pete Baumgartner from our news room:

Ukraine's Decommunization Gets Boost As 175 Towns, Villages Renamed

A crowd demolishes a statue of the Soviet leader Vladimir Lenin in Kharkiv. Scores of Lenin statues were pulled down in Ukraine in 2015 but hundreds more are still standing.
A crowd demolishes a statue of the Soviet leader Vladimir Lenin in Kharkiv. Scores of Lenin statues were pulled down in Ukraine in 2015 but hundreds more are still standing.

The so-called decommunization of Ukraine edged forward on February 4 as parliament approved the scrapping of 175 names of towns, villages, and districts across the country and replaced them with non-Soviet alternatives.

The latest changes are part of a massive process in which thousands of streets, squares, towns, villages, companies, media outlets, sports clubs, and other social entities and geographical locations must be renamed under controversial laws, passed in May, that condemn the Communist Soviet and Nazi German regimes and ban any propaganda, symbols, or names associated with them.

The changes mainly involve small villages, many of which were simply named October in honor of the month in 1944 when Ukraine was liberated from Nazi troops.

Many of the "new" names are based on a return to old, pre-Soviet, names or new ones based on a local place or object or a prominent historical figure -- noncommunist, of course.

For instance, the city of Artemivsk is officially known now as Bakhmut -- the name it took in the 16th century based on the Bakhmutka River on which it sits. The city was renamed in 1924 after Comrade Artem, a Russian revolutionary, Soviet politician, and friend of Josef Stalin who is buried in the Kremlin wall's necropolis.

Other name changes were more cosmetic, with the small town of Krasny Liman dropping the Krasny, which signifies the communist red color, to be known simply as Liman.

Mykola Fedoruk, the head of the parliament's subcommittee on local territories and authorities, said all of the new name changes were approved by the Ukrainian Institute of National Memory.

Fierce Opposition

But the decommunization plan is fiercely opposed by many Ukrainians -- particularly those in the southern and eastern parts of the country, many of them ethnic Russians -- who believe the country and its politicians should spend their time on more important issues than replacing communist toponyms or who don't want to erase everything associated with the Soviet era.

More than a few public hearings on renaming streets and other places have degenerated into near-riots and been called off.

Some officials are even attempting to keep the old names by officially renaming places after unknown or uncontroversial personalities with the same names as famous but discredited Communists.

For example, Kharkiv officials have recommended renaming the district of Dzerzhinsky -- named after Feliks Dzerzhinsky, the founder of the first Soviet secret-police organization -- after Vladislav Dzerzhinsky, a neurologist and brother of Feliks who worked for a short time at Kharkiv University in 1915.

Authorities in Kharkiv have also suggested renaming the Frunze district labeled after Bolshevik military commander Mikhail Frunze in honor of Timur Frunze, Mikhail's rather unremarkable son.

It's not clear how the Ukrainian Institute of National Memory or the country's parliament will react to such ploys by pro-communist officials.

Part of Ukraine's decommunization is the removal of monument status to the hundreds of busts and statues of people like Vladimir Lenin and Josef Stalin that still dot the country's town squares and university courtyards so that they can be legally removed or -- as occurred with a statue of Hryhoriy Petrovsky on January 29 -- unceremoniously pulled down.

WATCH: Petrovsky Statue Torn Down In East Ukraine (natural sound)

Soviet-Era Monument Torn Down In Eastern Ukraine
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The Ukrainian government said on February 2 that 139 monuments of "officials from the communist totalitarian regime" were dismantled in 2015, including 40 Lenins.

That's a significant number, but since there are still some 770 statues of Lenin alone still standing in Ukraine, the decommunization efforts have a long way to go.

Last month, the popular Komsomolskaya Pravda -- a communist-era newspaper saddled with a very Soviet name -- officially rechristened itself KP.

Even the soccer club Illichivets Mariupol, which is named after a mammoth steel mill that took its name from Vladimir Ilyich Lenin, has to change its name. Among a choice of seven new nicknames, fans have so far voted on a website to change the club's name to either Metallurg or FK Mariupol, though overall enthusiasm for a name change for the team was not overwhelming.

But the biggest problem facing Ukrainian officials may be for the city of Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine's third-largest city, which is stuck being partially named after Petrovsky, the man whose statue came crashing down in the city center just a few days ago.

Petrovsky headed the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic for many years in the 1920s and '30s, and is known as one of the architects of the mass famine known as the Holodomor that killed millions of Ukrainians.

With reporting by RFE/RL's Ukraine Service
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Aivaras Abromavicius
Aivaras Abromavicius

Ukraine faces fresh crisis after economy minister quits

Kiev, Feb 4, 2016 (AFP) -- Ukraine faced the prospect Thursday of a fresh political crisis as its reformist economy minister resigned in protest at alleged influence-peddling and state graft.

President Petro Poroshenko and Prime Minister Arseniy Yatsenyuk met ambassadors from the G7 nations after the envoys said they were "deeply disappointed" with Aivaras Abromavicius's shock decision to step down.

Poroshenko held last-ditch talks with the Lithuanian-born Abromavicius Wednesday in a bid to change his mind and reassure him that all his charges would be investigated in full.

But parliament began debating the 40-year-old's future in a tense session that saw one deputy raise the prospect of holding a vote of no confidence in the government as a whole.

"It is clear to everyone that we are entering a serious political crisis," parliamentary speaker Volodymyr Groysman told reporters.

Adding to Western frustration is the fact that Abromavicius is the fourth reform-minded minister to tender his resignation since Ukraine's 2014 revolution broke its ties with Russia and set it on a European course.

Parliament never approved any of their dismissals and they all remain acting ministers in their posts.

Yet the repeated attempted exodus of ministers charged with putting the cash-strapped nation of about 40 million on a transparent path toward growth highlights the difficulties Ukraine faces in fulfilling its dream of joining the EU.

Abromavicius "was one of those leaders who put Ukraine's interests above any personal interests of his own. He did implement some important reforms," US State Department spokesman John Kirby told a Washington briefing.

"We want to see those reforms continue."

- 'Grey cardinal' -

Abromavicius levelled his most serious charges against a top Poroshenko party member named Igor Kononenko -- a figure the Ukrainian media often refer to as a "grey cardinal" who implements the president's political will.

He accused Kononenko of trying to push his own people into key economy ministry positions that oversee the cash flows of the vast defence and energy sectors.

Abromavicius had attempted to remove figures tied to vested interests from state corporations that have been bleeding money due to suspected corruption and complex offshore schemes.

"I expected this," Abromavicius told the Noveye Vremya weekly's website just hours after his decision to quit.

"But I expected this to come from the old interests and not new ones," he continued.

"I expected it to come from 'red directors' and the regional party" of deposed Russian-backed president Viktor Yanukovych.

The term "red directors" refers to Soviet-era managers who clung to their posts for decades and are accused of enriching themselves while the companies they headed lost money and left many unemployed.

"It came as a big surprise when certain new politicians tried to get a hold of state companies," Abromavicius said.

- 'Major repercussions' -

Kononenko himself denied the charges and said he was ready to step down from his senior post in Poroshenko's parliamentary faction if his fellow deputies do not trust his work.

But some political analysts said the entire scandal had already undermined Ukraine's reputation and threatened the disbursement of essential assistance tentatively promised by Ukraine's Western allies and the International Monetary Fund.

"Regardless of whether Abromavicius stays or goes, this domestic political crisis is likely to have major repercussions," Anders Aslund of the US-based Atlantic Council wrote in a report.

"The confidence of Western governments in the current Ukrainian administration is running low," Aslund added.

"The International Monetary Fund, the United States, and the European Union had been expected to provide a total of $4 billion (3.6 billion euros) in credits later this month, but none are likely to contribute unless the Ukrainian government shows real commitment to fight corruption."

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