Most of the victims were ethnic Uzbeks and many members of the minority have since been tried and sentenced to long prison terms over the violence. Critics have attacked the government's failure to provide equal justice for the Uzbek minority.
One legacy of the violence -- and the lingering standoff between the two groups -- has been the place of the Uzbek language in southern Kyrgyzstan.
Elmurad Kasym writes on Registan that the Kyrgyz authorities seem bent on removing Uzbek from public life altogether. He points to the closure of Uzbek schools in the south, as well as the shift of many of them to an all-Kyrgyz curriculum.
As RFE/RL has reported in the past, there has been a movement toward more Uzbek children being educated in the Kyrgyz language, as some parents believe that it's in their children's interest in a Kyrgyz-majority society. But as Kasym says:
And following statements by Kyrgyz officials earlier this year, some members of the Uzbek and Tajik minorities fear for the future of any education in their languages at all.
One Kyrgyz legislator who led a campaign to end university exams in Uzbek said: "Why are we portrayed as the enemy the moment we call for Kyrgyz to be spoken? They [other ethnic groups] live in Kyrgyzstan, and their great-grandfathers lived in Kyrgyzstan. If you live here, there's nothing wrong with speaking Kyrgyz as a mark of respect. We should be patriots."
Another aspect of the disappearance of Uzbek, Kasym notes, is taking place more concretely -- in the names of schools, mosques, and businesses, especially cafes and restaurants. As Eurasianet notes, many of them have since been taken over "by Kyrgyz owners and now bear Kyrgyz names. In some cases, criminal groups forced Uzbek owners to sell; in others, Uzbeks fled in fear and their properties ended up being seized."
Perhaps then it's ironically fitting that a bell erected in Osh in memory of the victims of the June 2010 violence has inscriptions calling for peace in three languages: Kyrgyz, Russian -- and English.
-- Dan Wisniewski