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Armen Harutiunian
Representatives of Armenia's main pro-government and opposition parties have offered different assessments of the job performance of Armen Harutiunian, the country's human rights ombudsman, RFE/RL's Armenian Service reports.

Harutiunian was elected to a six-year term by parliament in February 2006 after being nominated by then-President Robert Kocharian, in whose administration he had worked as a senior legal adviser.

Kocharian said two years later that he regretted selecting Harutiunian after he criticized a harsh government crackdown on the opposition following the February 2008 presidential election.

Harutiunian also questioned the trials of opposition figures arrested in connection with the March 2008 clashes between opposition protesters and security forces that left 10 dead.

But in a dramatic change, Harutiunian largely endorsed the findings last year of an inquiry into the unrest that was conducted by an Armenian parliament commission. Dominated by pro-government lawmakers, the commission essentially defended the use of lethal force against supporters of Levon Ter-Petrossian, the main opposition presidential candidate.

Galust Sahakian, the parliamentary leader of the governing Republican Party of Armenia (HHK), told RFE/RL that "we are happy in the sense that he is constantly attacked by both the opposition and the authorities...I like [his] work style."

But Karapet Rubinian, a senior member of Ter-Petrosian's Armenian National Congress (HAK), described Harutiunian's record as "unsatisfactory." He added that "the human rights defender should either resign and voice protest, or operate very actively...The fact that we have 15 political prisoners at the enough to evaluate the human rights' defender's office."

Other HAK leaders have criticized the ombudsman's work in even stronger terms.

Harutiunian, meanwhile, has insisted that he is politically neutral, denying opposition allegations that he has a pro-government bias. He told RFE/RL that "it's just that the ombudsman's approaches can coincide with those of pro-government forces in one case and with opposition forces in another case."
Arshaluys Hakobian
An Armenian human rights activist who spent more than four months in prison has been acquitted of charges relating to an alleged dispute with police based on a request from prosecutors, RFE/RL's Armenian Service reports.

Arshaluys Hakobian, who is a member of the Armenian Helsinki Association (AHA), was arrested on June 5 after a confrontation with two police officers.

The officers had come to his Yerevan apartment to deliver a summons, apparently in connection with a complaint Hakobian had filed alleging intimidation by government loyalists during the May 31 local elections.

He was unexpectedly released from custody in October, and his acquittal came on February 5.

The police officers claimed Hakobian punched one of the policemen and slapped the other after they "reprimanded" him for being drunk and signing the document incorrectly.

Hakobian denied the charges and said he was forcibly taken to the police department in Yerevan's Kentron district and beaten for protesting the officers' refusal to leave his apartment.

On February 5, state prosecutors recommended that the case be closed for lack of evidence. Judge Gagik Avetisian agreed and declared Hakobian not guilty.

Armenian Helsinki Association Chairman Mikael Danielian told RFE/RL that "the political order issued by the authorities hasn't worked," and added that his group will only be fully satisfied when the authorities prosecute the policemen who allegedly mistreated Hakobian.

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"Watchdog" is a blog with a singular mission -- to monitor the latest developments concerning human rights, civil society, and press freedom. We'll pay particular attention to reports concerning countries in RFE/RL's broadcast region.


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