Chinese Ambassador to the UN Wang Guangya after consultations on Iran last week (epa)
March 21, 2006 -- The five permanent veto-holding members of the United Nations Security Council have failed to reach agreement on a joint strategy for handling the standoff over the Iranian nuclear program.
Reports suggest Russia and China remain unpersuaded by the United States, France, and Britain on the need for threatening tough action in the Security Council over Iran's refusal to abandon uranium enrichment, a process that could be used for nuclear power stations or for atomic weapons.
High-ranking foreign affairs officials of the five countries, plus Germany, met for more than four hours on March 20 at Britain's mission to the United Nations in New York.
The full 15-member Security Council is expected to hold further consultations later today as efforts continue toward reaching agreement on Security Council statement calling on Iran to halt uranium enrichment.
(compiled from agency reports)
Economic sanctions could further undermine Iran's already shaky economy (Fars)
MOVING TOWARD SANCTIONS: If the United Nations Security Council imposes sanctions on Iran, domestic support for Iranian President Mahmud Ahmadinejad will wane, according to ALEX VATANKA, Eurasia editor for Jane's Information Group.
Vatanka told a February 24 RFE/RL briefing that "economic sanctions will hurt the average Iranian" and, consequently, many "will blame the ruling clerics" for making life difficult and "impairing the country's long term development."
Vatanka said sanctions would be a serious challenge to the Iranian government. If harsh economic sanctions were imposed, Iran's poorest population will be hurt the hardest -- and might react "as they did in the 1970s and protest in the streets." Sanctions on travel, Vatanka said, would hurt a many Iranians because "Iran is a nation of small traders" who depend on the ability to travel to earn an income. According to Vatanka, unemployment in Iran is estimated at 30 percent, "so small trading is essential to survival." Although current U.S. sanctions "haven't worked," he said, "Iranians fear an oil embargo." He stressed that "oil revenues are a major part of the economy, so it is critical to look at this sector."
Should negotiations with the European Union and the UN fail, Vatanka believes that Iran would follow a "North Korea model," since Ahmadinejad's base of support among the "Islamist militias" has been "urging withdrawal from the NPT [Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty]." The Iranian government's "tactic" so far, Vatanka said, is governed by the belief that "by shouting the loudest, you'll get concessions [from the West]."
Listen to the complete panel discussion (about 60 minutes):
THE COMPLETE STORY: RFE/RL's coverage of the controversy surrounding Iran's nuclear program.
CHRONOLOGY An annotated timeline of Iran's nuclear program.