Iranian Foreign Minister Manuchehr Mottaki announced the move at the conclusion of a conference on assistance to the Palestinian people, which Tehran hosted.
"I am honored to announce that Iran has donated $50 million to help the Palestinian nation," Mottaki said.
Mottaki said the gift was Iran's duty as a friend of the Palestinians, but he did not say how or when it would reach them.
From Gaza, Hamas spokesman Sami Abu Zahri expressed Palestinian appreciation for the move.
"Today Iran announced its support for the Palestinian people," Zahri said. "We [in the Hamas movement] value the Iranian decision to financially support the Palestinian people. This Arab and Islamic support represents the natural position and the natural reaction to the Western siege on our Palestinian people and against the Israeli aggression on the Palestinian people."
Iranian Foreign Minister Mottaki also called for broader support from the Islamic world to the new Palestinian government. "The international community and Islamic world should help the new Palestinian government to overcome its current problems," he said.
Bringing Hamas, Iran Closer?
Mustafa Alani, a regional expert at the Gulf Research Center in Dubai, commented on the Iranian move by saying it indicates that the Western decision to isolate Hamas is leading to the increased influence of Iran in the region.
"This is the outcome and you're going to push Hamas into the hands of the Iranians," Alani said. "And the cost of it in long terms will be huge in the Palestinian issue. The Iranians now have basically some sort of influence over Hamas."
Alani said Arab countries should be concerned with the growing influence of the Shi'ite Iran in the region. He said strategic interests, not religion, are at stake.
"I don't look at it [Iranian move] as Islamic solidarity. I look at it as a strategic decision of Iranians," Alani said. "I don't think the question is of Islamic solidarity. Hamas is a Sunni fundamentalist movement. Iran is a fundamentalist Shi'ite state. So, I don't think there is a meeting of minds here, but the question is strategic more that it is religious in a dimension."
Alani said growing Iranian influence over Hamas is not "happy news" -- for either the West or Arab countries in the region.
More Allies Outside The Region
On April 15, Russia pledged urgent financial assistance to the Palestinian government. Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said after a telephone conversation with Palestinian President Mahmud Abbas that Russia would "offer urgent financial assistance" in the near future.
The Russian Foreign Ministry did not specify the amount of Russian aid.
In March, Moscow hosted the high-level Hamas delegation -- frustrating some governments' efforts to ensure the continued international isolation of the group. The move is generally regarded as a bid by President Vladimir Putin to invigorate Russia's role in the Middle East peace process.
THE ISLAMIC REPUBLIC: Iran's 1979 revolution ended 2,500 years of monarchy and established the world's first modern theocracy. In February 2004, on the 25th anniversary of that event, RFE/RL produced a special report on how the ensuing years have measured up to the expectations of those times.
"I had been freed from jail in those days, and I hoped that the [revolutionary] forces would bring democracy and progress for the country, despite the religious leadership that caused some doubts, I hoped that the press would be free, the books would be published without censorship, [political] parties, associations and civil society organizations would be formed, and I hoped that I would be able to write freely. In fact, in these 25 years, I have not seen anything but the death and silencing of those beautiful hopes and dreams," Faraj Sarkouhi, an exiled writer and journalist, told RFE/RL....(more)
ARCHIVE RFE/RL's reporting on Iran.
A tank bearing a portrait of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini takes up a position in Tehran on February 12, 1979 (epa)