Iraqi prosecutors say the campaign by Hussein's regime killed 100,000 Kurds. The defendants include Ali Hassan al-Majid, also known as Chemical Ali.
Hussein and seven other defendants are currently on trial on charges of executing 148 inhabitants of the Shi'ite village of Al-Dujayl following an assassination attempt there against the then Iraqi leader in 1982.
They could face the death penalty if convicted in the Al-Dujayl case. That trial is set to resume on July 10. A U.S. official has said a verdict could be issued by mid-September.
(AP, Reuters, AFP)
KURDISH AWAKENING: The ethnic Kurdish region in the northern part of Iraq has struggled in recent years to reestablish its cultural and political identity after decades of oppression under the regime of deposed Iraqi President Saddam Hussein. In December, RFE/RL correspondent Charles Recknagel traveled to this area and filed several reports: