Iranian media quoted a statement from the Intelligence Ministry as saying the group intended to propagate "religious sectarian division."
Earlier this month, officials said members of a "terrorist" group had been arrested before they could implement attacks in the oil-rich province, which borders Iraq.
Khuzestan Province is home to a substantial Arab population, including both Shi'ite and Sunni Muslims.
The capital of Khuzestan, Ahvaz, has been the scene of deadly bombings in the past.
(ISNA, AFP, Reuters)