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North Korea Fires Short-Range Missile

North Korea -- Map, undated
YEONPYEONG, South Korea (Reuters) -- North Korea test-fired another short-range missile off its east coast on May 29 and said it would take "self-defense measures" if the UN Security Council punished it for this week's nuclear test.

South Korea said an increasingly aggressive North may be preparing fresh provocations after Chinese fishing boats were spotted leaving a disputed sea border on the west coast.

Regional powers are waiting to see what the North might do next. Many speculate it may opt for a naval skirmish in the disputed waters, which should be getting crowded as the lucrative crab fishing season starts.

Pentagon spokesman Geoff Morrell said there had been no sign of stepped-up North Korean military activity.

"We have not seen...any unusual troop movements by the North to accompany their rather aggressive language over the past few days," Morrell said in Singapore, where U.S. Defense Secretary Robert Gates will attend a meeting on regional security over the weekend that is likely to address the Korean crisis.

South Korea and the United States have raised the military alert level in the region after North Korea claimed it conducted a nuclear test on May 25, followed by missile launches and a threat of war.

Initial U.S. testing to determine whether the isolated state actually fired a nuclear device so far was inconclusive, said a U.S. official, who declined to be named.

"They did not find anything that could confirm a nuclear device was detonated," said the official, who added that more tests were being conducted and results could be known in a couple of days.

Earlier on May 29, the Vienna-based Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty Organization said proof of whether Pyongyang had conducted it second nuclear test awaited findings of any radioactive particles and noble gases, expected next week at the earliest.

In New York, the United States and Japan circulated a draft UN Security Council resolution to key members, condemning the claimed nuclear test and demanding strict enforcement of sanctions imposed after the North's first atomic test in October 2006.

North Korea, in its first response to threatened sanctions, said it would take "self-defense measures" if it was punished.

It gave no details other than to say such a move would nullify the armistice that ended the 1950-53 Korean War. It has previously said that truce was already dead.

South Korea's Yonhap agency quoted an unnamed government source as saying the North fired the short-range rocket from its Musudan-ri missile base around dusk, making it the fifth to be launched since the nuclear test. Most of the missiles are believed to have a range of around 130 kilometers (80 miles).

The escalating tension had little further impact on financial markets in Seoul, hit earlier in the week by the nuclear test. Traders said while North Korea's belligerent tone was unsettling, it was, without military confrontation, not enough yet to significantly frighten off investors.

The two Koreas have fought two deadly naval skirmishes on their disputed maritime border in the past 10 years and the North has warned another could happen soon.

"Our forces are watching these movements [by Chinese fishing boats] with the view that they could be signs that indicate the possibility of North Korea's aggression," Defense Ministry spokesman Won tae-jae said.

The 1999 and 2002 clashes were in June, the peak of the three-month crab season when fishing fleets jockey for the best spots near the contested maritime border.

"Now that there's talk all-out war, we fishermen are worried," said 48-year-old Yeonpyeong island fisherman Kim Jae-sik. The island is off the west coast in waters the North claims but the South has occupied since the Korean War.

Alert Level Raised

The joint command for the 28,500 U.S. troops supporting South Korea's 670,000 soldiers has raised its alert a notch to signify a serious threat from North Korea. That is the highest threat level since the North's other nuclear test in 2006.

It calls for stepped up surveillance but not an increase in maneuvers by troops who face a million-strong North Korean military, most massed near the heavily fortified border.

North Korea's increasingly angry provocations unnerve other countries, but many analysts said a major aim is domestic -- strengthening leader Kim Jong-il's steely grip on power.

They say that after a reported stroke last year, the 67-year-old may well feel a need to use his powers more extravagantly to help prepare for a successor -- possibly one of his sons -- to take over the world's first communist dynasty.

Some also point out that Kim has long used what the regime says is the threat of invasion by the United States to justify spending meager resources on a military that keeps him in power, rather than on the rest of the country's 23 million people.

That situation means his government will not give up the goal of owning nuclear weapons, analysts say.

"The more North Korea resembles a third-rate South Korea on the economic front, the more the Kim Jong-il regime must justify its existence through a combination of radical nationalist rhetoric and victories on the military and nuclear front," Brian Myers, an expert on the North's ideology at the South's Dongseo University, wrote in an International Herald Tribune article.

Pentagon spokesman Morrell said the international community's ultimate aim was to denuclearize the peninsula.

"One of the reasons we are here in Singapore is to work with our allies and pressure North Korea to change course to become a productive member of the international community and not an isolated regime that is starving its people to death as it pursues a self-destructive course of nuclear weapons and long-range missiles," he said.

In a draft resolution obtained by Reuters, the UN Security Council called for enforcement of sanctions imposed after Pyongyang's 2006 nuclear test, which included a limited trade and arms embargo that had been widely ignored. A vote could come as early as next week, diplomats said.