According to a recent Amnesty International report, the human rights organization made a new call on June 30 to the Iranian government to immediately halt all executions and desist all death sentences. The group has recorded 126 executions in Iran from the start of this year to June 6.
Ashtiani, a 43-year-old mother of two, faces "imminent" execution by stoning for confessing to adultery in 2006. According to CNN, Ashtiani confessed under pressure upon receiving 99 lashes after her arrest, but she later retracted her statements and denied any wrongdoing.
The International Campaign for Human Rights in Iran also issued an appeal to the Iranian judiciary to halt the execution and asked the Iranian parliament to abolish the punishment of death by stoning.
When a woman is executed by stoning in accordance with Shari'a law, she is typically buried up to her breasts -- men are buried to their waists -- and bystanders are invited to throw stones until she dies. An April Amnesty International report said that according to Article 104 in Shari'a law, with reference to adultery, the stones used should "not be large enough to kill the person by one or two strikes, nor should they be so small that they could not be defined as stones." Ashtiani was sentenced to be stoned with medium-sized stones so she would die more slowly.
CNN's report also indicated that Ashtiani could be stoned "at any time," and prisoners are often not informed of their execution until the last minute.
The International Campaign for Human Rights also reported that Ashtiani was in an abusive marriage that led to the murder of her husband by another man she became involved with. She and the man were sentenced to 10 years in prison, but the judges decided, without solid evidence, to also sentence her for having an extramarital relationship with a man.
The International Committee Against Stoning has also launched an international campaign in support of Ashtiani and other Iranian women who could face death by stoning. The group, led by Mina Ahadi (see CNN interview), is organizing worldwide protests, inviting people to write letters and providing lists of executions by stoning committed by the Iranian government.
Philip Crowley, the U.S. assistant secretary of state for public affairs, said at a State Department press conference last week that the United States does not support the disproportional laws that punish women by death for committing adultery.
"We have grave concerns that the punishment does not fit the alleged crime," he said. "And for a modern society such as Iran, we think this raises significant human rights concerns, and disproportionate treatment of women in terms of how society metes out justice."
Last year, the independent film "The Stoning of Soraya M.," was released about a woman who was stoned for allegedly committing adultery in an Iranian village. It is now banned in Iran for its criticism of the Iranian legal system.
-- Ladan Nekoomaram