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Turkish-Armenian History

Turkish-Armenian History
* Turkey is home to 60,000 ethnic Armenians. Caught between the demands of the Armenian diaspora for Turkey to admit genocide 90 years ago and Turkey's denials, most prefer not to talk about the events.

* Modern Armenia is a small, landlocked country on Turkey's eastern border. The ancient kingdom of Armenia, at its peak, stretched from the Mediterranean to the Caspian seas, and included much of the territory of modern Turkey.

* The Muslim Turkish Seljuk and then Ottoman empires ruled Armenian regions from the 11th century until the collapse of the Ottoman Empire during World War I. The territory that is now modern Armenia was seized from Persia by Russia in the 19th century, was briefly independent following World War I, but was annexed by the Soviet Union in 1920.

* After the foundation of the Republic of Turkey in 1923, ethnic Armenians in Turkey became an officially recognized minority like Jews and Greeks and were allowed to run their own schools.

* The border between Turkey and Armenia has been closed for 14 years because of a dispute between Turkey's ally Azerbaijan and Armenia over the territory of Nagorno-Karabakh.

* During World War I, thousands of Armenians were marched from the Anatolian borders toward Syria and Mesopotamia (now Iraq) and Armenians say some 1.5 million died either in massacres or from hunger and thirst in the desert.