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Arab Observers Fan Out Across Syria


Antigovernment demonstrators protest in Amude, Syria, on December 27.
Arab monitors were headed to three more Syrian cities today to check if government forces are complying with a peace plan after a delegation to Homs, center of the uprising against President Bashar al-Assad, was mobbed by protesters demanding protection.

The Arab League mission, the first international involvement on the ground in Syria since the revolt began last March, got off to a controversial start when its Sudanese leader said he had seen "nothing frightening" on his first trip to Homs.

He later said he needed more time to make an assessment of the city, which was pounded by government firepower in the days before the visit.

The observers briefly visit Homs on December 27 then returned the next day with an army escort, to the dismay of demonstrators who mobbed their car.

They finally went back to Baba Amr district, one of the worst-hit, to see shattered houses and hear from people who have lost friends and relatives. One family showed them a dead boy.

They are likely to witness similar scenes when they visit Deraa, Hama, and Idlib, all cities where anti-Assad demonstrations have been violently repressed.

The observers' leader, Sudanese General Mustafa al-Dabi, said the mission was still in its early days.

"We have 20 people who will be there [in Homs] for a long time," he said.

Opposition activists say the government will play for time and bend the mission to its own ends.

Soazig Dollet, head of Reporters Without Borders' Middle East and North Africa operations, said Syrian officials are deceiving the monitors and "making a mockery" of their mission.

"This visit is totally biased, it's a farce," Dollet said. "The Syrian regime is making a mockery of respecting the Arab League agreement by accepting the presence of observers, but emptying prisons -- as a Human Rights Watch report clearly showed yesterday -- some prisons in Homs were emptied and detainees transferred to other places, fake armed soldiers were shown to observers in order to demonstrate that the Syrian resistance is an armed one. It is armed, but that is not the only kind of resistance. It is obvious that it has all been staged for the observers of the Arab League."

Washington has urged people to give Dabi and the other Arab League observers a chance.

Most of the 5,000 or more people estimated by the United Nations to have been killed in Syria since March have lost their lives in Homs, to machinegun fire, sniper bullets, mortar blasts and tank shelling, or torture.

What began with peaceful mass protests against Assad has turned into an armed insurrection as thousands of army defectors formed the Syrian Free Army and attacked military and police convoys, bases and checkpoints.

A video shot by rebels showed the ambush of a security forces convoy on Wednesday by eight gunmen who opened fire from a rootfop. The British-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said four soldiers were killed in the attack by rebel troops on a road near the southern village of Dael in Deraa province, cradle of the revolt.

Assad says he is combating Islamic terrorism steered from abroad. He says more than 2,000 security personnel have been killed.

Syria resisted outside involvement for months but yielded to pressure from fellow members of the 22-state Arab League last month, agreeing to let the monitors in to witness a withdrawal of forces from the turbulent cities.

But the killing did not stop, before and during the first two days of the monitoring mission, and opposition activists predict it will not cease after the observers are gone in a month. About 200 observers will deploy to witness and interview victims of violence scattered across the country of 23 million.

The West has demanded that Assad step down but Russia and China oppose intervention. Syria also has the backing of Iran. Assad, increasingly isolated, has lost the trust of neighbor Turkey, which has called for him to quit and which allows the rebel army to launch attacks from its territory.

compiled from Reuters reports