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Death Toll Rises To 28 As Protests Spread Across Southern Iraq


A masked protester flashes the victory gesture as he waves an Iraqi national flag before a burning building during a demonstration against state corruption and poor services on October 1.

The death toll from mass protests in Iraq against corruption and unemployment has risen to 28 as turmoil spreads to the south of the country.

Disobeying curfews, Iraqis took to the streets for a third day on October 3 despite local curfews and police using tear gas and even live gunfire, in the biggest challenge yet to Prime Minister Adel Abdel Mahdi's government.

Authorities ordered a ban on all movement across the capital starting at 5 a.m., but dozens of protesters defied the order and gathered in Baghdad's Tahrir Square.

The rallies started in Baghdad on October 1, but have since spread to cities across the mainly Shi'ite south.

Medics and security sources said four protesters were shot dead in the southern city of Amarah and another in the province of Dhi Qar.

The new killings bring the overall toll from three days of protests to 18, including one police officer.

More than 600 protesters and security personnel have been wounded, according to medical sources.

Amnesty International and the United Nations urged restraint in separate statements.

"It is outrageous that Iraqi security forces time and again deal with protesters with such brutality using lethal and unnecessary force. It is crucial that the authorities ensure a fully independent and impartial investigation," Lynn Maalouf, Amnesty International's Middle East Research Director, told Reuters.

Tensions have been amplified by a near-total Internet blackout, the closure of government offices in Baghdad, and calls by firebrand Shi'ite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr for "a general strike."

A double blast hit the Green Zone before dawn on October 3, security sources said. Embassies and some ministries are located in the heavily fortified Green Zone, which was struck by two rockets last week.

The apparent attack came hours after the authorities sealed off the Green Zone "until further notice," out of concerns that angry protesters would overrun it.

In Kut, a city some 160 kilometers southeast of Baghdad, two demonstrators were killed overnight after they tried to storm a local government office, medics and security sources said.

Two more protesters were killed in Nasiriyah, some 350 kilometers south of Baghdad, which has so far seen the deadliest rallies with a total of eight protesters and one police officer killed.

Riot police have used water cannons, tear gas, rubber bullets, and live ammunition in an attempt to force protesters away from main squares or government buildings.

Approximately 75 percent of Iraq is "offline" after major network operators "intentionally restricted" access, according to cybersecurity monitor NetBlocks.

With Internet access virtually shut off, protesters have had difficulties communicating with each other or posting footage of the latest clashes.

With reporting by AFP, AP, Reuters, and dpa
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