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Civilians Hit Hard After Renewed Fighting In Breakaway Nagorno-Karabakh

Dozens have been reported killed in fighting over the breakaway region of Nagorno-Karabakh in the latest escalation between forces of Azerbaijan and Armenia. Baku and Yerevan have accused each other of deploying heavy artillery amid international calls for an end to the hostilities.

The clashes over Nagorno-Karabakh are the heaviest seen since 2016 and have reignited concern over stability in the South Caucasus region, a corridor for pipelines carrying oil and gas to world markets.

The long-simmering conflict erupted anew on September 27 into the deadliest bouts of fighting in four years in the ethnic Armenian separatist enclave inside Azerbaijan.

The Nagorno-Karabakh conflict emerged during the breakup of the Soviet Union, when the region and seven adjacent districts of Azerbaijan were seized by Armenian-backed separatists who declared independence amid a 1988-94 conflict that killed at least 30,000 people and displaced hundreds of thousands.

Since a fragile, Russian-brokered truce in 1994, the region has been under the control of ethnic Armenian forces that Azerbaijan says include troops supplied by Armenia.

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