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Czech-Made Twin-Engine L-410 Plane Makes Emergency Landing In Russia's Far East

Russian President Vladimir Putin looks at a Let L-410 UVP-E20 Turbolet transport aircraft during a visit to Patriot military park outside Moscow in 2018.
Russian President Vladimir Putin looks at a Let L-410 UVP-E20 Turbolet transport aircraft during a visit to Patriot military park outside Moscow in 2018.

An L-410 twin-engine short-range transport plane made in the Czech Republic had to make an emergency landing on July 3 in Russia’s Far Eastern region of Khabarovsk Krai due to an engine malfunction. Khabarovsk Airlines says 14 passengers and crew members on board are safe. Last month, Russian air companies using L-410 started cutting flights, citing a lack of capacities for technical maintenance as Western companies stopped cooperation with their Russian partners due to sanctions imposed on Russia over its ongoing unprovoked invasion of Ukraine launched in February 2022. To read the original story by RFE/RL's Siberia.Realities, click here.

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Russian Blogger Faces Charges After Being Detained Before Putin Siberia Visit

Russian President Vladimir Putin greets people in Yakutsk on June 18.
Russian President Vladimir Putin greets people in Yakutsk on June 18.

Pyotr Shepelev, a blogger who lives in the Russian region of Sakha-Yakutia in Siberia, faces five administrative charges after being detained on June 18, just hours before a visit to the regional capital, Yakutsk, by President Vladimir Putin. Shepelev's lawyer said on June 20 that the charges against his client were disobeying police orders and participating in an unsanctioned protest. He could face up to 15 days in jail or a fine. Hours before his detention, Shepelev wrote on Telegram that two people appeared to be surveying his apartment block, suggesting that it was linked to Putin's visit. To read the original story by RFE/RL's Siberia.Realities, click here.

Kazakh President Signs Into Law Controversial Bill On Media

Kazakh President Qasym-Zhomart Toqaev (file photo)
Kazakh President Qasym-Zhomart Toqaev (file photo)

ASTANA -- Kazakh President Qasym-Zhomart Toqaev has signed into law a controversial bill on mass media that will hinder journalists from getting comments from officials and interviews.

Domestic and international rights groups and media experts have expressed concerns over the new law, saying it will compromise independent journalism and lead to self-censorship in the Central Asian country.

According to the law Toqaev signed on June 20, all Internet resources are now considered media outlets.

Among other things, the law obliges journalists to obtain so-called press cards to attend press conferences, briefings, and other events. The procedure to obtain such cards will create additional obstacles for reporters, rights groups say.

The law also requires journalists to "coordinate" the texts of their materials with officials during what it defines as "special conditions." The law does not specify exactly what those "special conditions" are.

The legislation also introduces a three-year period to file lawsuits over materials published in the media, as well as new regulations for the registration of media outlets in the tightly controlled former Soviet republic.

By 2027, weekly broadcasting in the Kazakh language will be increased from 50 percent to 60 percent, while rebroadcasting of foreign programs will be cut to 10 percent from 20 percent.

Currently 50 percent of programs broadcast on television and radio are in Russian.

The Culture and Information Ministry will monitor media programs "to prevent damaging effects on society's moral development, as well as disruption of the universally humane, national, cultural, and family values."

In 2024, Kazakhstan slipped from 134th place to 142nd in the press index of Reporters Without Borders (RSF), which monitors media freedom across the world.

Russian Teacher Gets 20 Years In Prison For Transferring Cash To Ukraine

Daniil Klyuka (file photo)
Daniil Klyuka (file photo)

A military court in Moscow on June 20 sentenced schoolteacher Daniil Klyuka from the western city of Lipetsk to 20 years in prison on charges of high treason and assisting terrorist activities, which he denies. Klyuka was arrested in February 2023 after investigators accused him of transferring 20,000 rubles ($237) to the Azov Assault Brigade of Ukraine's National Guard. The brigade has been declared a terrorist group and banned in Russia. Klyuka rejects the accusations, saying he transferred the cash in October 2022 to his brother, who resides in the Russian-occupied Ukrainian region of Luhansk. To read the original story by RFE/RL's Russian Service, click here.

Former RFE/RL Journalist Could Be Charged In Kyrgyzstan Over Social Media Comments

Bayan Jumagulova, a retired RFE/RL journalist who now resides in Germany
Bayan Jumagulova, a retired RFE/RL journalist who now resides in Germany

Retired former RFE/RL journalist Bayan Jumagulova, who lives in Germany, told RFE/RL on June 20 that she was summoned by the police in Bishkek, where she had arrived earlier in June, for questioning in a case launched against her on a charge of inciting hatred. The case was launched over her posts on Facebook, where the 65-year-old expressed personal opinions about the spread of Arabic culture in her native Kyrgyzstan. Jumagulova, who left RFE/RL in 2007, added that she was ordered to come to the police on June 22 and that a court will decide on her pretrial restrictions then. Kyrgyz officials have yet to comment on the situation. To read the original story by RFE/RL's Kyrgyz Service, click here.

Former Tajik Foreign Minister Zarifi Reportedly Arrested

Hamrohkhon Zarifi (file photo)
Hamrohkhon Zarifi (file photo)

Several sources told RFE/RL that former Tajik Foreign Minister Hamrohkhon Zarifi was arrested on unspecified charges last week. One source close to law enforcement said Zarifi was suspected of financial crimes related to the construction of the Foreign Ministry's new building. The 75-year-old Zarifi served as the Central Asian country's foreign minister from 2006 to 2013. From 2015 until his retirement in 2018, Zarifi served as Tajikistan's ambassador to Japan. Last week, investigators arrested lawmaker Saidjafar Usmonzoda on a charge of "usurping power." No further explanation of the charge was given and it remains unclear if the two arrests are linked. To read the original story by RFE/RL's Tajik Service, click here.

Fire At Iranian Hospital Leaves At Least 9 Dead

The private Qaem hospital in Rasht
The private Qaem hospital in Rasht

A devastating fire at the private Qaem hospital in Rasht, northern Iran, has resulted in the deaths of nine people, Iranian news agencies reported, including some patients in intensive care.

Mohammad Taghi Ashoubi, head of Gilan University of Medical Sciences, confirmed that the death toll had risen to nine following the death of another victim from the fire, which started in the early morning hours at the 250-bed facility on June 18.

At the time of the blaze, approximately 140 patients were in the facility, with 120 sustaining injuries, officials said.

Rasht fire department officials said it took three hours to bring the fire under control.

"By the time we arrived, the basement and the intensive-care rooms were on fire. The fire originated in the hospital's utility room," said Shahram Momeni, head of the fire brigade.

Qaem hospital, established in 2013 and affiliated with the Gilan University of Medical Sciences, houses over 200 beds and includes facilities catering to both local and medical tourists. These include specialized and super-specialized departments such as dialysis, chemotherapy, emergency services, angiography, and maternity and pediatric care.

The fire highlights ongoing safety concerns in Iranian health-care facilities as it follows a tragic fire in November 2023 that killed 36 people at the First Step to Freedom addiction treatment center in Langarud, Gilan Province.

Other notable fires at Tehran medical facilities include a large blaze at the Gandhi Hospital and the deadly explosion at Sina At'har medical diagnostic clinic in July 2020, which claimed 19 lives and injured 14 others.

Written by Ardeshir Tayebi based on an original story in Persian by RFE/RL's Radio Farda

Lawyer Of Executed Iranian Protester Sentenced To 6 Years For 'Propaganda Against The Regime'

Mohammad-Mehdi Karami, a client of lawyer Amirhossein Kouhkan, speaks in court in December 2022 before being executed.
Mohammad-Mehdi Karami, a client of lawyer Amirhossein Kouhkan, speaks in court in December 2022 before being executed.

The Islamic Revolutionary Court of Karaj has sentenced Amirhossein Kouhkan, a defense lawyer for the family of Mohammad Mehdi Karami, who was executed during protests over the death of Mahsa Amini that rocked Iran in 2022, to six years in prison.

Kouhkan faced several charges, according to the Human Rights Activists News Agency (HRANA), including "assembly and collusion" and "propaganda against the regime."

Kouhkan's arrest comes after he was summoned by the Karaj intelligence department last year. He was detained at the time and held until he was granted a conditional release in December.

The charges also follow the arrest of Mashallah Karami, Mohammad Mehdi Karami's father, highlighting a pressure campaign rights groups say the government is using against those connected to protest movements in Iran.

Mohammad Mehdi Karami was one of nine individuals executed by the Islamic republic in relation to the protests of 2022, which saw widespread unrest over government policies that protesters said curbed basic human rights and intruded too deeply into the lives of most Iranians.

His execution in January 2023, which was tied to the alleged murder of a Basij militia member during the nationwide upheaval, drew international condemnation.

The cases of Kouhkan and Karami underscore the concern among Iranian authorities of the possibility of a new wave of unrest.

Following the death of Amini in September 2022, hundreds of thousands of Iranians took to the streets nationwide to protest. The 22-year-old died under mysterious circumstances while she was in police custody for an alleged head-scarf violation.

A clampdown by security forces against protesters has resulted in the deaths of approximately 600 demonstrators, as reported by human rights groups, and thousands of arrests.

The Iranian judiciary has also executed several protesters, further inflaming public outcry against the regime's harsh tactics.

Written by Ardeshir Tayebi based on an original story in Persian by RFE/RL's Radio Farda

Russian Dissident Kara-Murza Moved To Stricter Prison Regime

Vladimir Kara-Murza was sentenced to 25 years in prison in April 2023. (file photo)
Vladimir Kara-Murza was sentenced to 25 years in prison in April 2023. (file photo)

Imprisoned Kremlin critic Vladimir Kara-Murza has been transferred to a cell-type facility -- one of Russia's strictest prison regimes -- for six months, his former lawyer, Vadim Prokhorov, said. The administration of the maximum-security prison in Omsk where Kara-Murza is imprisoned moved him to the facility after he allegedly failed to hold his hands behind his back for several seconds after being ordered to do so, Prokhorov said. Kara-Murza was sentenced to 25 years in prison in April 2023 on charges of high treason and discrediting Russia's military. He rejects the charges as politically motivated. To read the original story by RFE/RL's Russian Service, click here.

Armenia's Pashinian Orders Change To Constitution To Pave Way For Treaty With Baku

Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinian speaks in parliament in Yerevan last week.
Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinian speaks in parliament in Yerevan last week.

Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinian has ordered the drafting of a new constitution amid demands by Azerbaijan that a reference to Nagorno-Karabakh be removed from Armenia's fundamental law. Pashinian gave the Council of Constitutional Reforms until December 30, 2026, to draft and approve the new constitution. Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev has repeatedly demanded that Yerevan change its constitution as a main condition for concluding a peace treaty with Armenia. Baku wants a reference to Nagorno-Karabakh's unification with Armenia removed from the constitution. Azerbaijan retook control of the breakaway region in September 2023, following a lightning offensive. To read the original story by RFE/RL's Armenian Service, click here.

Ukraine, Russia Target Energy Facilities With Drones, Missiles

Russian strikes on energy infrastructure have led to blackouts, such as in Kyiv last month.
Russian strikes on energy infrastructure have led to blackouts, such as in Kyiv last month.

Russia attacked Ukraine with missiles and drones overnight, damaging energy infrastructure and prompting even more power blackouts, while Ukrainian drones reportedly struck deep inside Russian territory, setting oil installations on fire in two regions.

Ukraine's national power company, Ukrenerho, said early on June 20 that four regions were targeted in the latest wave of Russian drone and missile attacks.

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"Equipment was damaged at energy facilities in the Vinnytsya, Dnipropetrovsk, Donetsk, and Kyiv regions," Ukrenerho said in a message on Telegram.

A thermal power plant sustained "serious damage" in the Russian strikes, according to Ukraine's largest private energy company, DTEK.

"This is already the seventh mass attack on the company's thermal power plant in the last three months," DTEK said on Telegram, without disclosing the location of the facility. It said three workers were injured in the attack.

The latest wave of Russian strikes has also increased the number of scheduled power outages for domestic consumers, Ukrenerho said, adding, however, that electricity supply for critical infrastructure will not be restricted.

Separately, the air force reported that Russia attacked Ukraine with nine missiles and 27 drones. Ukrainian air defenses shot down all the drones and five missiles, the military said.

Russia has systematically targeted Ukraine's critical energy infrastructure, causing enormous damage and limiting electricity supply for the civilian population, prompting regular blackouts.

In return, Ukrainian drones have struck deeper inside Russia, damaging energy facilities critical for Moscow's military effort, mainly oil installations.

On June 20, drones belonging to Ukraine's Security Service (SBU) struck a fuel and lubricants warehouse in Russia's Tambov region, some 400 kilometers southeast of Moscow, and a LUKoil oil depot in the North Caucasus region of Adygea, setting both on fire, a Ukrainian security source told RFE/RL.

The Baza channel, which is linked to Russian security services, confirmed that a fire had broken out at the Platonov oil depot in Tambov.

Veniamin Kondratyev, the governor of the Russian region of Krasnodar, said a private house was completely destroyed, and a local resident was killed in a Ukrainian drone attack on the city of Slavyansk-on-Kuban.

The SBU told RFE/RL that its drones had carried out almost three dozen successful attacks on Russian oil facilities in various regions since the start of the war.

None of the claims could be independently confirmed.

Canada Adds Iran's Revolutionary Guards To Its List Of Terrorist Groups

Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau at a memorial service to remember the victims of a Ukrainian airliner shot down in Iran in 2020.
Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau at a memorial service to remember the victims of a Ukrainian airliner shot down in Iran in 2020.

Canada has listed Iran's Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps (IRGC) as a terrorist entity and advised any Canadians in Iran to leave the country.

Public Safety Minister Dominic LeBlanc made the announcement on June 19 at a news conference in Ottawa, saying the decision to declare the IRGC as a terrorist organization is based on "very strong and convincing evidence."

LeBlanc told reporters that Canada "uses all possible means to fight the terrorist acts of the IRGC."

Foreign Minister Melanie Joly noted at the same news conference that Ottawa broke off diplomatic ties with Tehran several years ago. She urged Canadians against travel to Iran and said those in the country now should "come back home."

The designation of the IRGC as a terrorist group has long been sought by Iranian expats and relatives of those killed on a flight brought down in January 2020 by Iranian forces shortly after takeoff from Tehran, killing all 176 passengers and crew, about half of them Canadians.

The Association of Families of Ukrainian Flight PS752 said in a statement on June 19 that it was grateful to the government for making the designation and to "all political parties, activists, and individuals who contributed to this achievement."

The statement added that that the association is "also grateful to the brave people of Iran who have stood up against this oppressive organization and have continuously supported the families of the victims."

The association also said it continues to insist on its other demands, including pursuing the case of the downed flight in the International Court of Justice and before other international courts.

Prime Minister Justin Trudeau's government had been reluctant to designate the IRGC as a terrorist organization over concern that listing it as such would have unintended consequences that could inadvertently impact Iranians in Canada opposed to the regime.

Trudeau signaled the move earlier this year at a memorial service for the victims of the downed plane, saying that his government was looking for ways to add the IRGC to the list of terrorist organizations.

"We know there is more to do to hold the regime to account and we will continue our work, including continuing to look for ways to responsibly list the IRGC as a terrorist organization," Trudeau said on January 8.

Once a group is placed on Canada's terrorism list, police can charge anyone who financially or materially supports the group and banks can freeze assets.

Ottawa has previously listed the Quds Force, a branch of the IRGC, as a terrorist entity, and in 2022 permanently denied entry to more than 10,000 Iranian officials, including members of the IRGC.

Ottawa severed diplomatic relations with Tehran in 2012.

With reporting by AFP

Vucic Praises Trump's Son-In-Law's Development Plans For Belgrade

Jared Kushner's company plans to build a business-residential complex in Belgrade at the site of a former Yugoslav Defense Ministry facility, which was was bombed in 1999. (file photo)
Jared Kushner's company plans to build a business-residential complex in Belgrade at the site of a former Yugoslav Defense Ministry facility, which was was bombed in 1999. (file photo)

Serbian President Aleksandar Vucic said he and Jared Kushner, the son-in-law of former U.S. President Donald Trump, had an "inspiring exchange of ideas" when they met on June 19 and toured Belgrade together.

Vucic said he showed Kushner the Serbian capital and explained some of the plans for the city’s “even faster growth.” He added in a post on Instagram that Kushner presented him with a project for a "magnificent hotel in Belgrade."

Serbia on May 15 signed a contract with Affinity Global Development, a company owned by Kushner, to redevelop a site in Belgrade formerly used by the Yugoslav military.

The site to be developed is located in the center of Belgrade and previously was home to the Yugoslav Federal Secretariat for National Defense. It was bombed twice in the spring of 1999 as part of NATO’s response to protect Albanians in Kosovo from ethnic cleansing by Serbian security forces.

From Ruins To Real Estate: Jared Kushner Targets Former NATO Bombing Site In Belgrade
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Vucic said on Instagram the development plans "will contribute to our capital becoming the center of this part of the world” and help Belgrade position itself as “an unmissable destination and desirable headquarters for the largest corporations, universities, and international institutions."

It also will be an inspiration for artists, scientists, and "above all young people from all over the world,” he said.

Kushner, the husband of Trump’s daughter Ivanka, disclosed plans in March to develop luxury projects in Belgrade and on Albania's Adriatic Sea coastline. Serbia leased his company the Belgrade site for 99 years.

According to The New York Times, the investment is worth $500 million. The newspaper said in an article in March that Trump expressed interest in developing the complex before he ran for president in 2016, but Kushner denied knowing about his father-in-law's prior interest in the site.

The contract calls for the construction of a memorial complex dedicated to the victims of the bombing in 1999. The 78-day NATO bombing campaign drove Serbian forces out of Kosovo, which later declared its independence from Belgrade.

Belgrade was a major target of the Western alliance’s warplanes during the attacks in 1999, and Serbian leaders eventually acceded to Western demands and retreated from Kosovo.

The NGO Fund of Humanitarian Law says that 756 people were killed in the NATO bombing campaign, 452 of them civilians and most of them in Kosovo. Serbia has said many more civilians were killed.

Minister of Construction, Transport, and Infrastructure Goran Vesic, who signed the contract with Affinity Global Development, said the memorial complex will be financed by investors and owned by Serbia.

Kosovar Journalist Barred From Euro 2024 After Making Gesture At Serbian Fans

Serbia's football association asked for the Kosovar journalist's removal, saying that he provoked Serbian fans by making a gesture with his hands that mimics the double-headed eagle on Albania's national flag. (file photo)
Serbia's football association asked for the Kosovar journalist's removal, saying that he provoked Serbian fans by making a gesture with his hands that mimics the double-headed eagle on Albania's national flag. (file photo)

UEFA has canceled the credentials of a Kosovar journalist covering the Euro 2024 soccer tournament following complaints about a nationalist gesture he made toward Serbian fans on June 16. Milan Vukovic, a spokesman for the Football Federation of Serbia, asked for Arlind Sadiku's removal from the tournament in Germany, saying the reporter provoked Serbian fans when he turned toward them and made a gesture with his hands that mimics the double-headed eagle on Albania's national flag. Ethnic Albanians make up the majority of the population in Kosovo, whose independence Serbia does not recognize. Sadiku acknowledged that the gesture was unprofessional but argued that it was not "offensive to anyone."

Pakistani Journalists Hold Protest After Funeral For Colleague Killed By Gunmen

The funeral procession for slain Pakistani journalist Khalil Afridi in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province on June 19.
The funeral procession for slain Pakistani journalist Khalil Afridi in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province on June 19.

Reporters in Pakistan’s northwestern Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province protested on June 19 after a fellow journalist was shot and killed by unidentified armed men.

The protest took place after the funeral for the journalist, Khalil Afridi, who worked for Pashto-language Khyber TV. He also served twice as president of the local press club in Landi Kotal, a Pakistani town near Torkham. In addition to working as a journalist in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province, Afridi was a civil society activist.

More than 1,000 people from the area and other members of the community were present for Afridi’s funeral in Landi Kotal.

Shams Mohmand, the head of the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Journalists Association, told reporters after the funeral that the association would hold another demonstration on June 21 at Bab-e-Khyber (Khyber Gate) to demand the safety and security of journalists.

Police said Afridi was killed on June 18 at around 10 p.m. local time when his car was stopped by hooded armed men who opened fire. Afridi died at the scene, while a friend who was also in the car, was injured, police officer Sajid Afridi, who is not related to the victim, told RFE/RL.

Police said Afridi and his friend had gone to a flood site and were attacked on their way home. No one has claimed responsibility for his death.

His family and officials said gunmen had been threatening him for a long time, and his family said he had been attacked by gunmen in the past. Afridi’s family said someone planted a bomb under his car on November 24, 2017. It failed to detonate, but on the same day he and four other journalists were arrested by the militia forces and held against their will for a few days.

Domestic and international media watchdogs have called Pakistan one of the most dangerous countries for journalists.

The Freedom Network, a nongovernmental organization working for media freedom and freedom of expression in Pakistan, said in its annual report on May 3, World Press Freedom Day, that there had been an increase in threats to journalists and media in the country.

The report said that four journalists were killed in Pakistan between May 2023 and April 2024, adding that their deaths were among 104 cases of violence against journalists and media workers in Pakistan during the period.

The government has repeatedly insisted that there is a free media in the country and that all citizens have the right to freedom of expression.

The government passed a law in 2021 on the protection of journalists, under which the government is to take appropriate measures against all forms of harassment, violence, and abuse of reporters and media workers.

Kyiv Identifies 5 Russian Officers Allegedly Involved In Executing Ukrainian Soldiers

Four of the Russian military officers suspected of being involved in executing captured Ukrainian soldiers (left to right:) Yury Abayev, Dmitry Nagorny, Temirlan Abutalimov, and Yusup Imagazaliyev.
Four of the Russian military officers suspected of being involved in executing captured Ukrainian soldiers (left to right:) Yury Abayev, Dmitry Nagorny, Temirlan Abutalimov, and Yusup Imagazaliyev.

Ukraine's Main Intelligence Directorate (HUR) said on June 19 that it has identified five Russian military officers suspected of being involved in the execution of four Ukrainian soldiers who were surrendering in May in Ukraine's Zaporizhzhya region. According to the HUR, Colonel Yury Abayev, Captain Dmitry Nagorny, and Lieutenants Temirlan Abutalimov, Zaur Bekov, and Yusup Imagazaliyev are suspected of fatally shooting the Ukrainian soldiers. Ukrainian Prosecutor-General Andriy Kostin said earlier that Russian armed forces have executed at least 61 captured Ukrainian soldiers since Moscow launched its ongoing invasion of Ukraine in February 2022. To read the original story by RFE/RL's Ukrainian Service, click here.

Tajik Parliament's Upper Chamber Approves Bill Banning Hijab

 The bill mostly targets the hijab, or Islamic head scarf, and other traditional items of Islamic clothing. (file photo)
The bill mostly targets the hijab, or Islamic head scarf, and other traditional items of Islamic clothing. (file photo)

The Tajik parliament's upper chamber, the Majlisi Milli, approved a bill on June 19 banning "alien garments" and children's celebrations for two major Islamic holidays -- Eid al-Fitr and Eid Al-Adha, known as idgardak. The bill, approved on May 8 by the lower chamber, the Majlisi Namoyandagon, mostly targets the hijab, or Islamic head scarf, and other traditional items of Islamic clothing, which started coming to the Central Asian nation in recent years from the Middle East and have been associated with Islamic extremists by officials. The bill sparked controversy among the mostly Muslim population of the tightly controlled former Soviet republic, which borders Afghanistan. To read the original story by RFE/RL's Tajik Service, click here.

Russia Adds Exiled Journalist Lazareva To Terrorist List

Russian journalist Tatyana Lazareva (file photo)
Russian journalist Tatyana Lazareva (file photo)

Russia's financial watchdog, Rosfinmonitoring, added television journalist Tatyana Lazareva to its list of "terrorists and extremists" on June 19. Earlier this week, the Interior Ministry said it had launched a probe against Lazareva on a charge of justifying terrorism. The charge stems from Lazareva's report about Ukrainian drones attacking Russian sites. Last week, the ministry added Lazareva to its wanted list. In July 2022, Lazareva, who openly condemned Moscow's full-scale aggression against Ukraine, was added to Russia's list of "foreign agents." Lazareva fled Russia after Moscow launched its invasion of Ukraine in February 2022. To read the original story by Current Time, click here.

No Escaping The Belarus 'Nightmare'? Serbian Case Tests Lukashenka's International Reach

Belarusian journalist and activist Andrey Hnyot on June 14 in the rented Belgrade apartment where he is under house arrest pending a decision on his possible extradition to Belarus.
Belarusian journalist and activist Andrey Hnyot on June 14 in the rented Belgrade apartment where he is under house arrest pending a decision on his possible extradition to Belarus.

As expressions of concern and outrage pile up over the possible fate of Belarusian journalist and regime critic Andrey Hnyot, the 42-year-old exile remains in legal limbo in an extradition battle, he says, “to save my life.”

Hnyot remains as active as his ankle-braceleted confinement to a modest, 20-square-meter apartment in Serbia’s capital allows, while his lawyers appeal a Belgrade High Court ruling from June 13 that would send him back to Belarus's authoritarian rulers.

In his first interview since his transfer on June 5 from seven months in a Serbian jail cell to home incarceration, Hnyot told RFE/RL’s Balkan Service that he now works “from morning to night" on his defense.

The prospect of a forced return -- Hnyot, rights groups, and the European Union agree -- is enough to terrify and motivate even the hardiest champions of democracy, free speech, and the rule of law.

Since Hnyot participated in unprecedented protests after the disputed 2020 vote in which Alyaksandr Lukashenka claimed an improbable 80 percent of the vote and a sixth term as Belarus’s president, Europe’s longest-reigning leader has overseen a crackdown that has left thousands of political opponents missing, fleeing, or in prison.

“Torture, blood, nightmare,” is how Hnyot describes the regime in his homeland, which he fled soon after the protests to seek safe shelter in Thailand.

He dismisses the accusations of tax fraud at the center of an arrest warrant issued from Minsk via the International Criminal Police Organization, known as Interpol, as “ridiculous, nonsense.”

Officials in Serbia arrested Hnyot upon his arrival at Belgrade airport on October 30 on the basis of that warrant and locked him up in isolation at the city’s central prison.

A court of first instance green-lighted his deportation to Belarus in December, but an appellate court overturned that decision and ordered a new hearing that eventually led to the High Court’s decision earlier this month to extradite him.

Hnyot’s case has heightened international scrutiny on Moscow’s allies in Serbia as the Kremlin seeks diplomatic and other support from Belgrade to ease the economic and diplomatic isolation brought on by its unprovoked invasion of Ukraine.

It also highlights longstanding criticism of Interpol and whether its system of issuing warrants based on claims by authoritarian regimes furthers its stated goal of uniting disparate law enforcement organizations to “make the world a safer place.”

Taking Repression Global: What's Interpol Exactly, And How Do Some Governments Abuse It?
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The European Union responded to the latest extradition ruling with a blistering warning for authorities in EU candidate Serbia.

“There are sufficient grounds to believe that the arrest warrant against Mr. Hnyot was motivated by political reasons, and that he would face political repression and ill-treatment if he were to be extradited to Belarus,” EU spokesman Peter Stano told RFE/RL in a statement.

The specter of becoming an accessory to authoritarian-style persecution has already tested notions of justice inside the European Union itself.

Moscow has so far failed in its efforts to squeeze member states like Bulgaria to repatriate critics of Putin’s war.

The EU is following the Serbian case with concern, Stano said, adding, “We expect that Mr. Hnyot’s case will be carefully examined in accordance with international human rights law and EU standards, and we continue to call for his release.”

The U.S. Embassy in Belgrade would say only that it is monitoring the case.

“This is an ongoing judicial process, and the Embassy is closely following it,” it said in a written statement earlier this month. Embassy spokespeople did not answer repeated telephone calls seeking additional comment on June 19.

Neither the EU nor the United States recognize Lukashenka’s legitimacy since the 2020 election seen by the opposition and many Western nations as having been "rigged, and the subsequent brutal crackdown he launched against any and all dissent.

Interpol did not respond to multiple RFE/RL requests via official channels for comment on its practices, Hnyot’s case, and the reliability of accusations from a repressive regime like Belarus, which has been accused of hijacking an international flight to capture a dissident and “weaponizing” third-country migrants against its EU neighbors.

It has previously responded to criticism of its use of “red notices” and other international alerts to track down fugitives from dubious charges by bad-faith regimes as their numbers have skyrocketed by highlighting its collaborative, membership structure. Its Lyon-based leadership has previously acknowledged that it’s not a “perfect system.”

Interpol told RFE/RL in February that “all requests sent by the National Central Bureau in Minsk are carefully reviewed to ensure compliance with Interpol rules and procedures.”

But it has produced no public findings from an investigation it was said to have launched into Hnyot’s arrest and possible extradition from Serbia.

“It looks like nobody is listening to me,” Hnyot told RFE/RL after the Serbian High Court’s June 13 decision in favor of extradition, which he called “empty and formal.”

He said the court dismissed his defense arguments as “opinion” and was overly deferential to an extradition agreement concluded between Serbia and Belarus in 2019.

Hnyot showing letters of support he received during his seven-month detention in Belgrade's Main Prison.
Hnyot showing letters of support he received during his seven-month detention in Belgrade's Main Prison.

But free-speech and free-press groups including the International Press Institute, the European Federation of Journalists, and the banned Belarusian Association of Journalists have all raised their voices to call for Hnyot’s release.

The Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ) reiterated its concern over the case with a fresh appeal on June 18, saying Serbia’s courts “must not indulge a request from Belarusian authorities and should overturn” the Belgrade High Court’s decision.

CPJ Program Director Carlos Martinez de la Serna called the Belarusian request “absurd and unfounded” and demanded Belarusian authorities “stop their attempts to instrumentalize Interpol to transnationally repress dissenting voices.”

Serbian authorities are allowed to detain individuals for up to one year in extradition cases.

As Hnyot and his defense team organize his appeal, he remains confined to the rented apartment that he found with the help of his lawyers. His only escape is the allowed hour’s walk to shop for food and other essentials that he said people normally take for granted.

He uses his smartphone and laptop to communicate with his family, human rights groups, ambassadors, activists, and journalists.

On the day of the RFE/RL correspondent’s visit, June 14, Hnyot said he spoke for the first time with exiled Belarusian opposition leader Svyatlana Tsikhanouskaya, to whom he had written from jail.

Tsikhanouskaya is herself the target of a Belarusian warrant that Moscow says extends to Russia by virtue of bilateral agreements with Minsk, and he said she responded “by personally advocating for his case.”

Hnyot said they spoke not about politics or his case but rather “talked as friends.” “That gave me a lot of energy,” he said.

Hnyot was ordered to wear an electronic ankle bracelet under the terms of his indefinite house arrest.
Hnyot was ordered to wear an electronic ankle bracelet under the terms of his indefinite house arrest.

House arrest is a step up from prison, he said, even if he still has no family members in Belgrade to come visit him.

“Everything can be good and everything can look good and normal after prison,” he told RFE/RL. “When you’ve been in hell, everything that comes after it is better than hell.”

Written by Andy Heil in Prague based on reporting by RFE/RL Balkan Service correspondent Nevena Bogdanovic and RFE/RL's Balkan Service in Belgrade

Romania's Iohannis Expected To Pull Bid To Become NATO Chief

Romanian President Klaus Iohannis (third right) attends a NATO meeting with other Romanian officials.
Romanian President Klaus Iohannis (third right) attends a NATO meeting with other Romanian officials.

Romanian President Klaus Iohannis is expected to announce on June 20 that he is exiting the race to become the next head of NATO, removing the last obstacle to the candidacy of longtime Dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte. Speaking in Bucharest on June 19 after a meeting with Italian President Sergio Mattarella, Iohannis said he will first discuss his decision with Romania's Supreme Council of National Defense (CSAT), and then make a public announcement. A day earlier, Hungary and Slovakia threw their support behind Rutte, leaving Romania as the only nation among the military alliance's 32 members to have not given its backing to the 57-year-old Dutch leader. To read the original story by the RFE/RL's Romanian Service, click here.

Ukrainian Prosecutor-General Fails To Show In Parliament Over Deputy's Alleged Corruption

Ukrainian Prosecutor-General Andriy Kostin (file photo)
Ukrainian Prosecutor-General Andriy Kostin (file photo)

KYIV -- Ukraine's Prosecutor-General Andriy Kostin failed to show at the Verkhovna Rada (Supreme Council) on June 19 where he had been summoned by lawmakers over a media report involving the real estate dealings of his deputy, Dmytro Verbytskiy.

Kostin said in a letter addressed to House Speaker Ruslan Stefanchuk that he was not present because discussion of the matter in parliament should wait "until the results of an official internal investigative report" are delivered.

"This will make it possible to ensure the completeness and objectivity of the relevant information," said Kostin's letter, read aloud in parliament.

A day earlier, lawmakers voted to summon Kostin after a report by Skhemy (Schemes), an investigative reporting unit of RFE/RL's Ukrainian Service, revealed that Verbytskiy and his girlfriend own an expensive car and two luxurious houses in prestigious areas of Kyiv that appeared to be beyond the means of people in their official positions.

Skhemy's investigative report revealed earlier that Verbytskiy resides in a two-story townhouse in the elite cottage area of Konyk in Kyiv, which his nephew purchased under a power of attorney for a businessman registered in the Black Sea port city of Odesa for a price six times lower than the market value.

Another Skhemy report said earlier this year Verbytskiy's girlfriend, Khrystyna Ilnytska, obtained a new Porsche automobile and a three-story townhouse in Konyk estimated to be worth at least 52 million hryvnyas ($1,270,000).

Her total income shown in official declarations over the last decade amounted to slightly more than 360,000 hryvnyas ($8,800).

Ukraine's Specialized Anti-Corruption Prosecutor's Office told RFE/RL earlier that after Skhemy's reports, the National Anti-Corruption Bureau had initiated criminal proceedings regarding the possible illegal activity of Verbytskiy.

Updated

Kazakh Opposition Activist's Wife Calls Kyiv Shooting 'Professional'

Wife Of Kazakh Journalist Says Husband In 'Grave Condition' After Shooting
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Self-exiled Kazakh journalist Natalya Sadyqova says the shooting of her husband in the Ukrainian capital, Kyiv, appears to be a "professional" operation that came hours after the couple issued a video critical of President Qasym-Zhomart Toqaev and his "pro-Russian" politics.

Aidos Sadyqov, a noted Kazakh opposition activist and journalist, is currently in intensive care fighting for his life after he was shot by an unknown attacker while driving a car near an apartment block in Kyiv's Shevchenko district on June 18.

Sadyqova, who was also in the vehicle but was unharmed, said the bullet hit her husband in the temple and that he remains in a "very serious condition" after brain surgery.

Sadyqova told RFE/RL in an interview on June 19 that she saw the shooter's face. She gave no further details as an official investigation is under way.

Kazakh Opposition Journalist Shot In Kyiv
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"The only thing I can say -- he was a professional killer. We were driving by the courtyard. He shot at a moving object. He fired a single shot and hit his target. It was a very professional man, a hitman who was hired to kill Aidos," Sadyqova said.

Sadyqova added that the chief of Ukraine's National Police Ivan Vyhivskiy, who was among the police officers who arrived at the crime scene right after the attack, promised to keep the investigation of the attack under special control.

Ukraine's Prosecutor-General's Office has said an investigation on the "attempted murder of a journalist, a citizen of Kazakhstan," is under way, but has given no further details.

Toqaev said on June 19 that he had sent questions on the case to Ukraine via diplomatic channels, and that Kazakhstan is ready to participate in any investigation "to help find the truth."

The couple, along with their family, moved to Kyiv in 2014 after Kazakh authorities launched a case against Sadyqova, who worked as a journalist for the independent Respublika newspaper at the time. She was accused of slander.

Sadyqov used to lead a branch of the opposition Azat Social Democratic Party in his native Aqtobe region in Kazakhstan's northwest until 2010.

He later headed a group that was a major force to create a union defending the rights of Kazakh workers at the Chinese-owned CNPC-Aktobemunaygaz oil company.

Sadyqova said in the June 19 interview with RFE/RL that hours before the attack, she and her husband had issued a new video titled Toqaev Is Putin's Puppet on their Base YouTube channel.

The video criticizes Toqaev's "pro-Russian politics" and looks at the activities of Russian oligarchs and agents of influence in Kazakhstan, some of whom obtained Kazakh citizenship after Russia launched its ongoing invasion of Ukraine in February 2022.

She said Toqaev stands to be a beneficiary of the shooting "because the Kazakh opposition has been fully cleansed."

She did not present any evidence that connected Toqaev in any way to the shooting.

With reporting by Tengrinews and KazTAG

Russia Sentences 4 Ukrainians To Lengthy Prison Terms In Killing Of Separatist Commander

Arseny Pavlov (aka Motorola) was a top commander of Russian-backed separatists in the eastern Ukrainian region of Donetsk before he was killed in 2016.
Arseny Pavlov (aka Motorola) was a top commander of Russian-backed separatists in the eastern Ukrainian region of Donetsk before he was killed in 2016.

A military court in Russia on June 19 sentenced four Ukrainian citizens to lengthy prison terms, including a life sentence for one, in the case of the 2016 death of Arseny Pavlov (also known as "Motorola"), a top commander of Russian-backed separatists in the eastern Ukrainian region of Donetsk. Oleksandr Pohorelov was sentenced to life, while Artem Yena received 17 years in prison, Vasyl Churylov got 13 years, and Oleksandr Tymoshenko was sentenced to 12 years. The four were also found guilty of the attempted murder of the Donetsk region's separatist leader, Aleksandr Zakharchenko, in 2017. Zakharchenko was killed in a separate attack in 2018. To read the original story by RFE/RL's Russian Service, click here.

Man Suspected Of Killing Teen Girl In Siberia Identified As Former POW In Ukraine

Andrei Bykov was recruited by the Defense Ministry to the war in Ukraine in October 2023 from prison, where he was serving a lengthy term for murder.
Andrei Bykov was recruited by the Defense Ministry to the war in Ukraine in October 2023 from prison, where he was serving a lengthy term for murder.

Russia's Interior Ministry said on June 19 that a 49-year-old man suspected of killing a 12-year-old girl in the Siberian region of Kemerovo has been apprehended. Sources told RFE/RL that the suspect is Andrei Bykov, who was recruited by the Defense Ministry to the war in Ukraine in October 2023 from prison, where he was serving a lengthy term for murder. Bykov was captured by Ukrainian forces last year and was released in a prisoner exchange earlier this year. The number of crimes in Russia committed by convicts recruited from Russian penitentiaries who fought in Ukraine has been on rise since early 2023. To read the original story by RFE/RL's Siberia.Realities, click here.

Kyrgyz Anti-War Activist Ordered To Pay Fine On Hatred Charge

Ondurush Toktonasyrov appears in court on June 19.
Ondurush Toktonasyrov appears in court on June 19.

A Bishkek court on June 19 ordered anti-war activist Ondurush Toktonasyrov to pay a 100,000-som ($1,140) fine after being convicted on a charge of inciting hatred online. Prosecutors had sought three years in prison for the activist. Toktonasyrov said he will appeal the ruling, calling it politically motivated. The 65-year-old activist is known for publicly raising social and political issues for years. After Russia launched its full-scale invasion of Ukraine in February 2022, he condemned Moscow's aggression on social media. To read the original story by RFE/RL's Kyrgyz Service, click here.

Former Moscow Municipal Lawmaker Transferred To House Arrest

Ketevan Kharaidze is awaiting a court decision on her appeal of the sentence that she insists is linked to her decision in 2022 to run for the State Duma, the Russian parliament's lower chamber.
Ketevan Kharaidze is awaiting a court decision on her appeal of the sentence that she insists is linked to her decision in 2022 to run for the State Duma, the Russian parliament's lower chamber.

A Moscow court on June 19 ordered the transfer to house arrest of former municipal lawmaker Ketevan Kharaidze, who was sentenced in 2022 to four years in prison on extortion charges that she rejects as politically motivated. Kharaidze is awaiting a court decision on her appeal of the sentence that she insists is linked to her decision in 2022 to run for the State Duma, the Russian parliament's lower chamber. In September 2022, Kharaidze took part in the election of the municipal council of Moscow Tver district while in custody and was reelected. After her conviction in December 2022, her mandate was revoked. To read the original story by RFE/RL's Echo of the Caucasus, click here.

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