The lower chamber of Russia's parliament has approved in its third and final reading an unpopular bill to raise the retirement age.
A total of 333 lawmakers in the State Duma voted in favor of the bill on September 27, while 62 voted against.
A day earlier, the bill was approved in the second reading after lawmakers overwhelmingly approved President Vladimir Putin's proposal to limit the increase for women to five years instead of eight.
The new version of the bill raises the retirement age for women from the current 55 to 60 instead of 63, as the legislation initially called for.
In June, Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev announced that after many years without a change, the government was submitting legislation that would increase the retirement age for men from 60 to 65 by 2028 and for women from 55 to 63 by 2034.
Putin finally weighed in with a televised address to the nation on August 29, proposing that the retirement age for women be raised to 60 rather than 63.
The bill needs to be passed in the parliament's upper chamber, the Federation Council, and then signed by Putin to become law.