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120th Anniversary Of Pyotr Tchaikovsky's Death

November 6 is the 120th anniversary of the death of Russian composer Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, who authored some of the world's most popular works of classical music. During his lifetime, Tchaikovsky was widely respected in both Europe and the United States, where he appeared as a guest conductor for the inaugural concert at New York's Carnegie Hall in 1891. His works include operas, ballets, chamber music, and symphonies. Among his best known compositions were "1812 Overture" and his three ballets, "The Nutcracker," "Swan Lake," and "The Sleeping Beauty."

Tchaikovsky in a photo from October 1862, when he was 22 years old
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Tchaikovsky in a photo from October 1862, when he was 22 years old

Pyotr Ilyich is on the far left in this photo of the Tchaikovsky family in 1848. He was born in Votkinsk, in the Vyatka region, on May 7, 1840, as the second of six children (five boys and one girl). His father, Ilya Petrovich Tchaikovsky, was a mining executive in Votkinsk. His paternal ancestors were from Ukraine and Poland. His mother, Aleksandra Assier, was of Russian and French ancestry.
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Pyotr Ilyich is on the far left in this photo of the Tchaikovsky family in 1848. He was born in Votkinsk, in the Vyatka region, on May 7, 1840, as the second of six children (five boys and one girl). His father, Ilya Petrovich Tchaikovsky, was a mining executive in Votkinsk. His paternal ancestors were from Ukraine and Poland. His mother, Aleksandra Assier, was of Russian and French ancestry.

Pyotr Tchaikovsky's grand piano is on display at the Tchaikovsky State House-Museum in Klin, near Moscow. Tchaikovsky played piano from the age of 5.
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Pyotr Tchaikovsky's grand piano is on display at the Tchaikovsky State House-Museum in Klin, near Moscow. Tchaikovsky played piano from the age of 5.

A photo of the 34-year-old composer from June 1874
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A photo of the 34-year-old composer from June 1874

Mariinsky Theater performers at the premiere of Tchaikovsky's opera "Eugene Onegin" on March 17, 1879.
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Mariinsky Theater performers at the premiere of Tchaikovsky's opera "Eugene Onegin" on March 17, 1879.

Tchaikovsky (front, second from right) with Tiflis music school professors in April 1887.
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Tchaikovsky (front, second from right) with Tiflis music school professors in April 1887.

A scene from Tchaikovsky's "Swan Lake" at the Mariinsky Theater in June 1895.
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A scene from Tchaikovsky's "Swan Lake" at the Mariinsky Theater in June 1895.

Maya Plisetskaya, widely regarded as among the 20th century's best ballerinas, as Odette in a scene from "Swan Lake" in 1979
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Maya Plisetskaya, widely regarded as among the 20th century's best ballerinas, as Odette in a scene from "Swan Lake" in 1979

A scene from "Swan Lake" presented as part of the Kremlin Ballet Theater season opening in the State Kremlin Palace in August 2012
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A scene from "Swan Lake" presented as part of the Kremlin Ballet Theater season opening in the State Kremlin Palace in August 2012

Eminent Russian ballerina Anna Pavlova in costume as Aurora for Tchaikovsky's ballet "Sleeping Beauty."
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Eminent Russian ballerina Anna Pavlova in costume as Aurora for Tchaikovsky's ballet "Sleeping Beauty."

Ballerina Svetlana Zakharova performs in "The Sleeping Beauty," choreographed by Yury Grigorovich and rehearsed at the State Academic Bolshoi Theater, in November 2011.
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Ballerina Svetlana Zakharova performs in "The Sleeping Beauty," choreographed by Yury Grigorovich and rehearsed at the State Academic Bolshoi Theater, in November 2011.

St. Petersburg Theater dancers in a scene for the first production, in December 1892, of Tchaikovsky's "The Nutcracker."
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St. Petersburg Theater dancers in a scene for the first production, in December 1892, of Tchaikovsky's "The Nutcracker."

A reproduction of Mikhail Shemyakin's 2002 sketch "Rat Officers," devoted to "The Nutcracker."
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A reproduction of Mikhail Shemyakin's 2002 sketch "Rat Officers," devoted to "The Nutcracker."

Bolshoi Ballet lead dancer Ian Godovsky in a pas de deux from "The Nutcracker" at the Stanislavsky and Nemirovich-Danchenko Music Theater in Moscow in December 2007
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Bolshoi Ballet lead dancer Ian Godovsky in a pas de deux from "The Nutcracker" at the Stanislavsky and Nemirovich-Danchenko Music Theater in Moscow in December 2007

Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky in February 1893, less than a year before his death in November at the age of 53.
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Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky in February 1893, less than a year before his death in November at the age of 53.

The Tchaikovsky home in Klin, seen here in 1972, was turned into a museum.
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The Tchaikovsky home in Klin, seen here in 1972, was turned into a museum.

Tchaikovsky's study at the Tchaikovsky State House Museum in Klin.
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Tchaikovsky's study at the Tchaikovsky State House Museum in Klin.

A monument to Tchaikovsky in the "P.I. Tchaikovsky Museum-Estate" memorial and architectural complex in Klin, seen in 2011
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A monument to Tchaikovsky in the "P.I. Tchaikovsky Museum-Estate" memorial and architectural complex in Klin, seen in 2011

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