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PACE Head Urges Engagement, Not Isolation, On Belarus

Demonstrators protesting the Lukashenka regime outside the Belarus Embassy in Washington, DC on 16 February. Their banners read: "Political Prisoners in Belarus" and "Kidnapped and Killed in Belarus." (RFE/RL) 23 February 2006 (RFE/RL) -- The head of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE) says Europe must engage Belarus and not isolate it, ahead of Belarusian presidential elections next month.

Speaking today at an international conference in Prague, PACE Chairman Rene Van der Linden said isolating Belarus because of its anti-democratic policies would lead nowhere.

"For me, it is clear that a policy of isolation doesn't work,” he said. “It is [ultimately] a dead path, and we have to work together with all international organizations, like the OSCE, on a new strategy of how to support civil society, citizens, and democratic forces [in Belarus.]"

Van der Linden has proposed that the Council of Europe open an office in Minsk.

Belarusian President Alyaksandr Lukashenka is seeking a third term in office. The opposition is pinning its hopes on Alyaksandr Milinkevich -- though observers say Milinkevich's chances are slim.

The United States and European Union have said they doubt the election will be free or fair.

Belarus Election Preview

Belarus Election Preview

A protester in Vitsebsk calls for a boycott of the 19 March vote (RFE/RL)

ALL EYES ON BELARUS: No matter the outcome, the presidential election to be held on 19 March is an important event for the future of Belarus, according to three experts on the country who spoke at an RFE/RL briefing in Washington, D.C., on 14 February.

Listen to the complete panel discussion (about 60 minutes):
Real Audio Windows Media

ROBIN SHEPHERD, adjunct fellow with the New European Democracies Project at the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), said that civil society has been seriously weakened in Belarus as a result of the current regime's self-isolating and corrupt policies. Shepherd believes incumbent Belarus President Alyaksandr Lukashenka has decided he needs a democratic election to legitimize his regime. Shepherd cautioned that opinion polls be read accurately when evaluating the election results when they become available. For example, he predicted that the true level of support for Lukashenka will probably be from 10 to 12 percentage points less than the actual reported vote count, because of a "fear factor" within the Belarusian electorate -- that some voters will fear that Lukashenka can determine how a person voted. Shepherd said he cannot predict the outcome of the election, but does believe the opposition could win a fair vote in Minsk.

JAN MAKSYMIUK, RFE/RL's Belarus and Ukraine regional analyst, noted several differences between Belarus on the eve of its presidential election and Ukraine just prior to its "Orange Revolution" in December 2004. He said that, in Ukraine, no incumbent was running for president, putting both candidates on a more equal footing. Unlike Ukraine, the opposition is not represented in the Belarus parliament or in local governments, Maksymiuk said. The primary opposition candidate, Alyaksandr Milinkevich, will not receive any positive media coverage due to state control of the Belarusian media, Maksymiuk said, and the relative economic prosperity of Belarus is another contributing factor to Lukashenka's likely re-election.

ALEXANDER LUKASHUK, RFE/RL Belarusian Service director, emphasized the government's control of the media in Belarus, saying that the Belarusian people are being deprived of both information and public discussion about election issues.

Listen to the complete panel discussion (about 60 minutes):
Real Audio Windows Media

Click on the image to view a dedicated page with news, analysis, and background information about the Belarusian presidential ballot.

Click on the image to view RFE/RL's coverage of the election campaign in Belarusian and to listen to RFE/RL's Belarusian Service.

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