In the Aegean port of Izmir, police used tear gas to break up a demonstration by an estimated 5,000 Kurds.
In Hakkari, on the Iranian border, Kurdish politician Ahmet Turk from the Democratic Turkey Party told a rally attended by thousands that Ankara should open up a dialogue with the PKK to agree on a peace deal.
Iraq's Kurdish Region
KURDISH AWAKENING: The ethnic Kurdish region in the northern part of Iraq has struggled in recent years to reestablish its cultural and political identity after decades of oppression under the regime of deposed Iraqi President Saddam Hussein. In December, RFE/RL correspondent Charles Recknagel traveled to this area and filed several reports: