Anti-U.S. demonstrators outside Iran's Isfahan nuclear facility earlier this year (epa)
May 2, 2006 -- United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan has offered no immediate public response to a letter from Iran denouncing the United States for considering possible nuclear strikes against Iranian targets.
News agencies report that in the letter, Iran's UN ambassador Javad Zarif says the United States is contravening United Nations principles by threatening to take military action against the Islamic republic, and condemns U.S. officials for what it calls their illegitimate threats to use force.
The letter makes no mention of recent statements by Iranian President Mahmud Ahmadinejad saying that Israel should be wiped "off the map."
U.S. President George W. Bush last month refused to rule out a possible nuclear strike against Iran if Tehran refuses to halt uranium enrichment. Bush said all options remain possible, but said the United States was focusing on diplomacy.
Economic sanctions could further undermine Iran's already shaky economy (Fars)
MOVING TOWARD SANCTIONS: If the United Nations Security Council imposes sanctions on Iran, domestic support for Iranian President Mahmud Ahmadinejad will wane, according to ALEX VATANKA, Eurasia editor for Jane's Information Group.
Vatanka told a February 24 RFE/RL briefing that "economic sanctions will hurt the average Iranian" and, consequently, many "will blame the ruling clerics" for making life difficult and "impairing the country's long term development."
Vatanka said sanctions would be a serious challenge to the Iranian government. If harsh economic sanctions were imposed, Iran's poorest population will be hurt the hardest -- and might react "as they did in the 1970s and protest in the streets." Sanctions on travel, Vatanka said, would hurt a many Iranians because "Iran is a nation of small traders" who depend on the ability to travel to earn an income. According to Vatanka, unemployment in Iran is estimated at 30 percent, "so small trading is essential to survival." Although current U.S. sanctions "haven't worked," he said, "Iranians fear an oil embargo." He stressed that "oil revenues are a major part of the economy, so it is critical to look at this sector."
Should negotiations with the European Union and the UN fail, Vatanka believes that Iran would follow a "North Korea model," since Ahmadinejad's base of support among the "Islamist militias" has been "urging withdrawal from the NPT [Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty]." The Iranian government's "tactic" so far, Vatanka said, is governed by the belief that "by shouting the loudest, you'll get concessions [from the West]."
Listen to the complete panel discussion (about 60 minutes):
THE COMPLETE STORY: RFE/RL's coverage of the controversy surrounding Iran's nuclear program.
CHRONOLOGY An annotated timeline of Iran's nuclear program.