Human Rights Watch said the government has failed to hold the perpetrators of the killings accountable. It also said Uzbekistan's government has engaged in a "fierce crackdown" on rights activists, journalists, and civil-society institutions.
Uzbek authorities have said that nearly 190 militants were killed in what they described as an armed insurgency in Andijon on May 13, 2005.
But witnesses and human rights groups say the death toll was much higher and included many unarmed civilians.
Uzbek refugees in Kyrgyzstan on May 19, 2005 (epa)
NO PLACE TO GO: More than 400 Uzbeks who fled in panic in the hours and days after troops opened fire on demonstrators in Andijon one year ago have been granted political asylum outside Central Asia. In limbo for weeks in Kyrgyzstan as they and the world tried to come to grips with the bloody events of May 12 and 13, they feared for their lives and the lives of family members as the official crackdown continued.... (more)
For an annotated timeline of the Andijon events and their repercussions, click here.