Putin and his wife, Lyudmila, arrived on July 1 at the Bush family compound in Kennebunkport, Maine.
Putin is the first foreign leader Bush has invited to his family's summer home there.
RFE/RL correspondent Yury Zhigalkin, reporting from Kennebunkport, said Putin was also greeted by more than 1,000 protesters, who gathered near the Bush home to sing protest songs and to call for an end to the Iraq war.
A number of the demonstrators also called for Putin to withdraw troops from Chechnya.
Bush and Putin then held what are described as two hours of informal talks that Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov described as "very friendly" and conducted "with a sense of humor."
"[They] discussed the situation in both the United States and Russia, the evolution of democracies in the two countries," Lavrov told reporters in Kennebunkport. "Both presidents understand very well that any development of events should not result in Moscow-Washington bilateral relations becoming hostage to any internal political situation that could be connected to the preelection campaign."
A breakfast meeting is planned today, to be followed by a news conference and lunch.
Both Washington and Moscow are warning not to expect any formal agreements at the end of the 24-hour period the two men and their top aides will spend together.
The so-called "lobster summit" at the Atlantic seaside resort comes amid heightened tensions between the United States and Russia.
Russia objects to U.S. plans to place parts of its missile-defense shield in Poland and the Czech Republic.
The two sides also disagree over the future status of the Serbian province of Kosovo.
Washington also wants Moscow to do more to pressure Iran over its controversial nuclear program.
(with agency reports)
Confrontation Plays Well In Russia
Russian political analyst Andrei Piontkovsky describes Russia's various foreign-policy complexes. more
The 'Myth' Of A Great Friendship
Former "New York Times" Moscow correspondent David Satter tells RFE/RL that Putin and Bush have an "imitation of friendship." more
Bush Looks To His Legacy
Wellesley College professor emeritus Marshall Goldman tells RFE/RL that Bush is seeking to avoid the legacy of "losing Russia." more
The Russian Perspective
Fyodor Lukyanov (RFE/RL file photo)
'A SYMBOLIC RITUAL.' RFE/RL's Russian Service asked FYODOR LUKYANOV, the influential editor of "Russia In Global Affairs," to comment on the July 1-2 summit. Below are excerpts from that interview.
There is no reason to expect a radical turnabout because a radical turnabout in U.S.-Russian relations requires a profound rethinking of those relations and the emergence of some sort of strategic course. The problem is not in the personal relations between the two presidents or in the sum total of various factors of conflict. It is in the fact that since the Cold War no working models of interrelations have emerged. The relations that arose in the 1990s, for various reasons, didn't work. What we are seeing now are the consequences of the crisis of the 1990s model.
Serious work is required in order to develop solid, stable relations. And neither side is currently in a position to do this serious work with a long-term perspective.
[Bush] needs to save his foreign policy from total collapse. He has absolutely nothing to boast of. And if we add to the Iraq drama the final turn of relations with Russia into confrontation, then that will definitely complicate still more the position of the Republican Party and turn Bush into a foreign-policy monster. So, it seems to me, that he has a very short-term problem -- preventing a final collapse, preserving until Putin leaves the feeling that, "yes, we have many problems, but we are still partners; we are in dialogue, etc., etc."
This summit is, definitely, a symbolic ritual, all the more because it is taking place in a symbolic venue. This is the place where the father of the current president conducted serious negotiations concerning the end of the Cold War. Inviting Putin here, of course, is particularly symbolic. Both sides need to demonstrate that a process is going on. "Yes, we have complicated relations, but we are continuing to look for answers." And this is the state that should be maintained until the terms of both presidents come to an end.