OMRI DAILY DIGEST
Vol. 1, No. 112, 9 June 1995
AGREEMENT REACHED ON ELECTORAL LAW.
President Boris Yeltsin and both
houses of the Federal Assembly have reached an agreement on the State Duma
electoral law behind closed doors, NTV and Russian Public Television reported
on 9 June. The leaders accepted an equal division between party-list and
single-mandate seats. In a compromise, however, the federal part of the list
will only contain 12 candidates, while the rest of the candidates must
represent a particular region. Candidates running simultaneously on a party
list and in a single-mandate constituency must collect 5,000 signatures in
their support. However, those signatures will be considered as part of the
200,000 that each party must collect to register its list for the campaign. The
compromise allows government and media employees to continue their jobs during
the campaign, but a vaguely worded clause prohibits them from abusing their
office for campaign purposes. The committee retained the Duma's proposal to set
the minimum voter turnout for the elections to be valid at 25%. * Robert
RYBKIN FORMS LEFT-CENTER BLOC WITH RUSSIA'S REGIONS, AGRARIANS.
Russia's Regions association elected State Duma Speaker Ivan Rybkin its leader
at its second All-Russian Conference in Moscow on 8 June, Interfax reported.
Rybkin said Russia's Regions will form a bloc with the Agrarian Party. If the
bloc wins a majority in the Duma, Rybkin will again become speaker and Mikhail
Lapshin, head of the Agrarian Party, will be the leader of the combined bloc of
the Agrarian Party and Russia's Regions, NTV reported. * Robert Orttung
YELTSIN ADVISER: ECONOMIC SANCTIONS AGAINST BALTIC STATES POSSIBLE.
Abdualakh Mikitaev, head of the presidential Department of Citizenship,
told journalists that economic sanctions against the Baltic states could be an
acceptable means of protecting Russians living there, Segodnya reported
on 8 June. The presidential aide qualified his statement only by adding that
sanctions should be designed so as not to injure those they would be intended
to support, as had happened earlier when a Russian natural gas embargo led to
unemployment for many Russian workers in the region. Mikitaev also criticized
Estonia for its recent deportation of a Russian political activist, Petr
Rozhek. * Scott Parrish
DOUBTS ABOUT ELECTORAL PROSPECTS FOR CHERNOMYRDIN BLOC.
Members of the
Russian government may run in single-mandate districts rather than on the party
list of Prime Minister Viktor Chernomyrdin's right-center bloc,
Izvestiya reported on 9 June. By running in carefully-chosen, safe
districts, the ministers guarantee that they will be members of the new Duma,
even if Chernomyrdin's party does not win sufficient votes on the party list to
guarantee their leaders seats in the Duma. * Robert Orttung
POLICE OFFICER KILLED IN SHOOT-OUT WITH SECURITY FORCES.
In a clash on 7
June between a group of police officers and Federal Security Service (FSB)
agents, one officer was killed and another injured; two FSB agents were also
injured. Police responded to a report of armed men on Moscow's Profsoyuznaya
street., and a gun-battle ensued between them and the men, who were actually
FSB agents in the process of arresting an alleged uranium thief, Ekho Moskvy,
NTV, and Interfax reported. The incident is being investigated by military and
city prosecutors. Last December, security service officers clashed with members
of Alexander Korzhakov's Presidential Guard outside the Moscow mayor's office.
* Penny Morvant
DUMA REJECTS EXTRA-BUDGETARY FUNDS BILL.
After a stormy debate, Duma
deputies on 7 June rejected a draft law tightening control over extra-budgetary
funds, Segodnya reported. The bill would have required the budgets of
all social funds to be submitted to the Duma for approval and to be audited,
and fund contributions to be collected by the State Tax Service. Argument was
fiercest over the Pension Fund, with the bill's opponents arguing that turning
over collection to the Tax Service would wreck the pension system. The chairman
of the Duma Labor and Social Support Committee expressed doubts that the
Finance Ministry would be able to "look after the money more efficiently than
the funds do." Segodnya commented that the deputies appeared to have
overlooked the fact that the main thrust of the bill was to make spending by
social funds accountable to the Duma. * Penny Morvant
RUSSIA FEARS REPETITION OF SOMALIA IN BOSNIA.
Despite reassurances from
Western leaders, the Russian government still has reservations about the
deployment of a NATO rapid reaction force to Bosnia. A senior Russian diplomat
told Interfax on 8 June that he feared the new peacekeeping troops might turn
"into a group for enforcing peace, and then into a multi-national force like
the one...in Somalia." He added that only the full incorporation of the NATO
force into the existing UNPROFOR command would completely defuse such concerns.
Also on 8 June, opposition deputies in the State Duma continued to criticize
what they termed "unilateral power actions by NATO in Bosnia," Interfax
reported. * Scott Parrish
KULIKOV DISPUTES REPORT ON INTERNAL TROOPS REORGANIZATION.
Anatoly Kulikov, commander of the internal troops of the Russian Internal
Affairs Ministry (MVD), has disputed claims made in an article on the
reorganization of the internal troops that appeared in Obshchaya gazeta,
the same newspaper reported in its 8-14 June edition. Kulikov claims that the
internal troops' civilian and military personnel number only 264,000 and not
800,000 as reported in the article. Kulikov also said, "The internal
troops...do not have a structure or organization to carry out combat operations
against an external enemy, nor are they armed with heavy weapons." However,
Kulikov's statement contradicts a number of eyewitness accounts. * Michael
NORTHERN PORT DECLARED A CLOSED CITY.
President Yeltsin on 8 June
declared the northern port of Polyarny--located some 20 km northeast of
Murmansk--to be "a closed administrative and territorial unit," AFP reported. A
naval repair facility for Northern Fleet nuclear submarines is located in
Polyarny as well as several nuclear-waste storage and transport ships. There
were some 30 closed cities in the former Soviet Union, many of which have been
opened. In July 1994, Yeltsin closed the Siberian city of Krasnoyarsk-26 where
plutonium for Soviet nuclear weapons had been produced. * Doug Clarke
MiG DEAL WITH MALAYSIA FULFILLED.
A senior official at the Moscow
Aviation Production Organization (MAPO) told Reuters on 8 June that the factory
had delivered the last of 18 MiG-29 jet fighters to Malaysia in fulfillment of
a 1994 contract worth $550 million. The same official said four MiG-29s would
be delivered to India in August--part of a ten-plane order--and indicated that
talks on selling the jet to the Philippines are underway. * Doug Clarke
EIGHTEEN-YEAR-OLD BALLISTIC MISSILE FIRED.
An intercontinental ballistic
missile built in November 1976 was successfully fired from Baikonur in
Kazakhstan by Russian space troops on 8 June, ITAR-TASS reported. The RS-18
missile--known in the West as the SS-19--had been "combat ready" for more than
18 years before being given a dummy warhead and used in this test. As many as
350 SS-19s were once deployed in the former Soviet Union, including 130 in
Ukraine. The space troops would like to convert some of the missiles into space
launch vehicles, and have stressed their high reliability. * Doug Clarke
RAILROADS TO REMAIN STATE PROPERTY.
Anything connected to railroad
transportation cannot be privatized, Railroad Minister Gennady Fadeev told the
State Duma Industry, Construction, and Energy Committee on 8 June, Interfax
reported. The committee endorsed a bill which preserves federal ownership of
the railroads. Fadeev said a railroad takeover by joint-stock companies would
disrupt economic links inside the country because 15% of the lines, such as the
Transbaikal and the Baikal-Amur Railroads, might be cut because they cannot
survive without subsidies. * Thomas Sigel
MOSCOW GOVERNMENT ADDRESSES OPEN LETTER TO CHUBAIS.
government addressed an open letter to First Deputy Prime Minister Anatoly
Chubais on 8 June expressing their disagreement with his support for increasing
customs duties on imported foodstuffs, Russian agencies reported. Chubais wants
to raise import duties on food to encourage people to purchase domestic goods.
The letter told Chubais that everyone who is familiar with the domestic
agricultural situation knows that food producers are only able to fulfill
20-40% of Moscow's needs. Moscow experts estimate that with import duties
increasing by 5-6% on 1 July, consumer prices for milk powder and butter will
rise by 40%, beef 70%, vegetable oil 60%, and sugar 80% * Thomas Sigel
OMRI DAILY DIGEST
Vol. 1, No. 112, 9 June 1995
NAZARBAEV CALLS FOR EURASIAN ECONOMIC UNION.
Kazakh President Nursultan
Nazarbaev, speaking at the International Conference on Disarmament in Geneva on
8 June, used the opportunity to again bring up his idea for a Eurasian economic
union. Nazarbaev called the area from Russia to India a "belt of uncertainty"
which belongs neither to the West nor the East, according to Western agencies.
The Kazakh president emphasized that such a union would be in the economic
interest of all countries in the region, and would mitigate the need for arms
build-up by promoting regional cooperation. * Bruce Pannier
DEMOCRATIC PARTY OF TAJIKISTAN MEETS IN ALMATY.
Delegates to a congress of the Democratic Party of Tajikistan voted to relieve
party chairman Shodmon Yusuf of his duties, Interfax reported on 5 June. Yusuf,
who now lives in Iran, had been strongly criticized for his support of Tajik
President Imomali Rakhmonov in last November's elections. The party named
Dzhumaboi Niyazov, who is from the Leninabad region in Tajikistan's north, as
the new chairman. Niyazov was recently released from jail where he had been
held for about two years. The congress was held in Almaty because the party has
been banned in Tajikistan since 1993. According to the party's first deputy
chairman, Abdunabi Satorzoda, 14 party members attended the congress,
representing 3,000 supporters, half of whom "remain outside Tajikistan." *
KAZAKHSTAN TAKING BIDS ON OIL INDUSTRIES.
Kazakhstan announced on 8 June
it is prepared to take bids on three major oil enterprises and is offering up
to 90% of the shares. On the block are the Aktyubinskneft and Yuzhneftegaz
production associations and the oil refinery in Shymkent. Companies wishing to
purchase the enterprises are expected to help in the building of an east-west
pipeline across central Kazakhstan, Reuters reported. The Kazakh government
expects to take in $3 billion from the sales. At a recent conference on
privatization, Kazakh Prime Minister Akezhan Kazhegeldin said that in light of
recent criticism from the West over the referendum extending the term of
President Nursultan Nazarbaev, this is a chance to show Kazakhstan's commitment
to reform, Reuters reported. * Bruce Pannier
UZBEK MILITARY DOCTRINE.
An Uzbek draft military doctrine has been
unveiled for national discussion, Interfax reported on 7 June. The draft says
Uzbekistan is guided by the principles of peaceful co-existence,
non-interference in the affairs of other states, and the inviolability of
inter-state borders. It pledges Uzbekistan will not initiate military
operations against any country unless it or any of its allies is attacked. The
draft reiterates Uzbekistan's committment to nuclear non-proliferation, a
global ban on nuclear testing, the elimination of nuclear, chemical, and
bacteriological weapons, and reductions in conventional armed forces. It also
calls for Central Asia to become a nuclear-free zone and seeks to strengthen
the UN's role in ensuring security. The draft will be submitted to the Uzbek
parliament following a nationwide discussion of its merits. * Lowell Bezanis
YELTSIN-KUCHMA SUMMIT OPENS.
President Yeltsin and his Ukrainian
counterpart, Leonid Kuchma, arrived in Sochi on 8 June, Interfax and Western
agencies reported. The main item on the agenda for the summit is the future of
the Black Sea Fleet, over which serious disagreement between the two countries
persists. Neither delegation seems to anticipate resolving the issue of the
fleet at this meeting. Kuchma told journalists that he had come to the meeting
with "good intentions," and added that "it will be necessary to find a
compromise," but he also said he did not expect the long-simmering dispute to
be "solved in one day." * Scott Parrish
OMRI DAILY DIGEST
Vol. 1, No. 112, 9 June 1995
NEW UKRAINIAN PRIME MINISTER APPOINTED.
President Leonid Kuchma, in his
first move since obtaining new executive powers under a deal with the
parliament, appointed 54-year-old Yevhen Marchuk as prime
minister, international and Ukrainian news agencies reported on 8 June. Marchuk
is the former chief of Ukraine's security service. His appointment came as no
surprise because he has served as acting prime minister since the government
was dismissed by the Ukrainian legislature in April. Marchuk's confirmation
followed a ceremony at Kiev's Mariinsky Palace, where the president and
lawmakers signed a compromise accord to end a prolonged struggle over Kuchma's
recently approved political reform law. The communist caucus, which opposed
provisions giving Kuchma expanded powers to carry out political and economic
reforms, boycotted the ceremony. Communist leaders likened the political deal
to a constitutional coup. * Chrystyna Lapychak
KUCHMA AND CRIMEAN LAWMAKERS REACH COMPROMISE ON POLL.
president has agreed to a compromise proposal by Crimean lawmakers and canceled
his March decree placing the Crimean government under his direct control, UNIAR
and Ukrainian Television reported on 8 June. Kuchma overturned his decision
after the Crimean legislature canceled a regionwide non-binding referendum on
union with Russia and Belarus, which was scheduled during local elections on 25
June. * Chrystyna Lapychak
UKRAINIAN FINANCIAL MEETING.
Kuchma on 8 June met with the directors of
20 of Ukraine's biggest commercial banks to discuss the state of the country's
underdeveloped banking system, UNIAR and Ukrainian Television reported the same
day. The lack of domestic and foreign investment in Ukraine can be blamed not
only on the lack of vital economic legislation but also on the poor state of
the banking system, participants of the meeting concluded. There are only 217
banks with 1,860 branches in country with a population of 52 million people,
said Oleksander Suhonyako, president of the Association of Ukrainian Banks. A
clearer mechanism for declaring bankruptcy and increased privatization of
Ukraine's state-owned enterprises would help resolve the debt crisis.
Enterprises owe Ukrainian banks billions of karbovantsi. * Chrystyna
BELARUSIAN PRESIDENT CALLS FOR TOUGH ECONOMIC MEASURES.
Lukashenka, at an 8 June special meeting of the Cabinet of Ministers and
Security Council, has called for tough measures to strengthen the Belarusian
economy, Reuters and Interfax reported the same day. Lukashenka said that
despite a drastic decline in production, inventories were overflowing and
directors of enterprises were not seeking new markets to sell those goods. Most
of the country's mainly state-owned businesses have been unable to meet their
burgeoning debts, and some have not paid employees since January. Lukashenka
described enterprise managers as "scroungers and idlers" and said they should
be forced "against their will" to change the way they operate. He boasted,
however, that his administration's tight fiscal policy has stabilized Belarus's
financial situation and lowered monthly inflation from 40% to 3.5%. * Chrystyna
MAY INFLATION IN ESTONIA.
The Estonian Statistics Department reported
that the consumer price index increased by 2.6% in May, BNS reported on 7 June.
The price of services grew by 6.6%, primarily due to an increase of 9.9% in
housing costs and utilities. A 1.1% rise in the cost of manufactured goods was
offset by a 1.3% decline in food prices, resulting in an overall drop of 0.4%
in the cost of goods. The monthly inflation rate in April was 1.0% following
rates of 3.5%, 2.9%, and 2.4% in the first three months of 1995. Compared with
May 1994, the price of goods and services increased by 27.1%. * Saulius
NEW LATVIAN EDUCATION MINISTER.
The Saeima on 8 June approved the
nomination of Janis Gaigals as minister of education and science, BNS reported.
Born in 1956, Gaigals headed the Riga Craftsmanship School and was an adviser
to the previous education minister, Janis Vaivads, who resigned on 8 May over a
pay dispute between educators and the government. The ruling Latvia's Way
nominated Gaigals even though he is not a formal member of that party. *
POLISH SENATE SPEAKER VISITS LITHUANIA.
Adam Struzik, during an official
two-day visit to Lithuania, told the Seimas on 8 June that Poland and Lithuania
have a common aim in joining the EU and NATO, BNS reported. While stressing the
need to maintain friendly relations with Russia, he said the demilitarization
of Kaliningrad Oblast would increase security in the Baltic Sea region. Struzik
also met with members of the Seimas Foreign Affairs Committee and
representatives of Polish social organizations. * Saulius Girnius
SOLIDARITY CONGRESS IN GDANSK.
Solidarity trade union president Marian
Krzaklewski was reelected in Gdansk on 8 June. Polish President and former
Solidarity leader Lech Walesa, addressing the congress, called for the creation
of a broad pro-reform bloc before this years presidential elections. Meanwhile,
Supreme Court President Adam Strzembosz, who is running for the presidency,
also opted for unity in the upcoming elections in a letter to the congress,
Rzeczpospolita reported on 9 June. * Jakub Karpinski
POLISH PREMIER ADDRESSES SEJM.
Jozef Oleksy, in his first speech to the
Sejm since his inaugural address in March, said on 8 June that Poland's
economic performance is good and that inflation is the price to be paid for
high industrial output, growing exports, and the reduction of unemployment,
Polish and international media reported. * Jakub Karpinski
CONTROVERSY IN POLISH DEFENSE MINISTRY.
Polish Deputy Defense Minister
Jerzy Milewski, speaking in the Sejm on 8 June, criticized Defense Minister
Zbigniew Okonski for saying in an interview with Wprost that the Polish
army is "not mature enough" to adopt West European command structures. Okonski,
who wants to dismiss Milewski, attacked his deputy for telling the same
magazine that he doubted there is civilian control of the Polish army,
Gazeta Wyborcza reports on 9 June. * Jakub Karpinski
SLOVAK RESPONSE TO CZECH MOVE TO ABOLISH CLEARING SYSTEM.
government official on 8 June responded to the Czech government decision the
previous day to unilaterally abolish the Czech-Slovak payments clearing
agreement used in bilateral trade. TASR reported that Czech Prime Minister
Vaclav Klaus sent a letter to his Slovak counterpart, Vladimir Meciar,
explaining the decision and pointing out that "he has not yet received a
response to his letter [to Meciar] of 10 May." In that letter, Klaus proposed
the abrogation of the agreement. The Slovak government official argued,
however, that a letter from Meciar to Klaus was faxed (and its receipt
confirmed) two hours before Klaus sent his letter to Meciar. * Jiri Pehe
SLOVAK DIPLOMATIC NEWS.
Slovak Foreign Minister Juraj Schenk on 7 June
arrived in Finland for an official visit--the first by a high-ranking Slovak
diplomat since the split of Czechoslovakia on 1 January 1993, TASR reported.
Schenk and his Finnish counterpart, Tarja Halonen, focused on the state of
Slovak-Hungarian relations in their meeting on 8 June. Slovak Deputy Prime
Minister Katarina Tothova began a two-day visit to Strasbourg the same day,
where she held talks with Council of Europe officials on adapting Slovak laws
to meet CE norms. Finally, Slovak Defense Minister Juraj Sitek left for Belgium
to attend a meeting of the North Atlantic Council for Cooperation. * Jiri
HUNGARIAN PREMIER ON BOSNIA.
Gyula Horn, speaking at Washington's
National Press Club on 8 June, said the war in Bosnia-Herzegovina proves that
the countries of CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE should aim for a historic reconciliation.
"If we keep looking into the past and licking old wounds, we shall not have the
energy to solve our present problems," the Hungarian premier said. He argued
that a continuation of the Bosnian conflict could adversely affect security in
CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE. According to Horn, the quickest way to end the war is to
persuade Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic to isolate the Bosnian Serbs. *
OMRI DAILY DIGEST
Vol. 1, No. 112, 9 June 1995
BOSNIAN SERBS SAY THEY WILL LIFT ROADBLOCKS TO SARAJEVO.
Serb leadership on 8 June agreed to reopen land routes to the Bosnian capital,
allowing humanitarian aid to pass, international media reported. According to
Reuters, the Bosnian Serbs have also agreed to guarantee the safety of UN truck
drivers delivering aid on the territory they control and to provide escorts.
Bosnian Serb vice president Nikola Koljevic described the development as "an
important step" and added that "we really believe in further peaceful
developments." Meanwhile, the BBC on 9 June reported continued shelling of
Sarajevo, where at least two people were killed, and Gorazde. * Stan
NATO DEFENSE MINISTERS AGREE ON BOSNIA.
The BBC on 9 June reported that
NATO defense ministers, meeting in Brussels, reached a consensus on the
creation of a rapid response force in Bosnia-Herzegovina. The U.K. is slated to
provide the bulk of the 10,000-strong reinforcement to the war-torn country.
The New York Times on 9 June cites British Defense Minister Malcolm
Rifkind as stressing that the new forces will fire in self-defense but will not
"blast their way through resistance to ensure that relief supplies are
delivered and other UN tasks are carried out." However, both Rifkind and French
officials have raised the specter of withdrawal if the parties involved do not
accept the UN role. * Stan Markotich
SERBS HAND OVER REMAINS OF BOSNIAN FOREIGN MINISTER.
Nasa Borba on 9 June reported that the remains of Bosnian Foreign
Minister Irfan Ljubjankic have been handed over to Bosnian authorities in
Bihac. Ljubjankic was killed on 28 May when his helicopter was downed in Bihac
by hostile Serbian fire. The Bosnian justice minister and five others also died
in the incident. * Stan Markotich
MORE KOSOVAR POLICEMEN SENTENCED.
A court in Gnjilan on 8 June sentenced
15 ethnic Albanians to up to three years in jail, Reuters reported the same
day. The former policemen are charged with creating a separatist shadow-state
police force. Seven were tried in absentia and the court dropped charges
against another four. In the largest legal proceedings ever in Kosovo, the
trials of 159 ethnic Albanian former policemen are under way, while 16
policemen were sentenced in April. Defense lawyers have denied the charges,
saying the policemen formed a trade union, not a paramilitary force. About
3,500 ethnic Albanian policemen were fired in 1991, after the abolition of
Kosovar autonomy two years previously. * Fabian Schmidt
ROMANIAN PRESIDENT RENEWS CRITICISM OF UNION LEADERS.
Ion Iliescu has
again criticized leaders of the country's main trade union organizations for
planning more labor protests later this month, Radio Bucharest reported.
Presidential spokesman Traian Chebeleu told journalists on 8 June that union
leaders have broken an understanding mediated by Iliescu on 22 May that should
have served as the basis for a final agreement between the unions, government,
and employers. He repeated the assertion that recent strikes in the energy
sector were politically motivated. Chebeleu also criticized the timing of the
next big rally announced by the unions. A two-week protest is scheduled to
begin on 14 June, the day when the opposition plans to commemorate victims of
the June 1990 government-sponsored violence against pro-democracy
demonstrators. * Dan Ionescu
HUNGARIAN OFFICIAL ENDS VISITS TO ROMANIA.
Csaba Tabajdi, Hungarian
state secretary dealing with Magyars living abroad, ended a five-day visit to
Romania on 8 June, Radio Bucharest reported. Tabajdi said at a press conference
in Cluj-Napoca that he had met with local authorities and representatives of
the Magyar minority from several counties in Romania. He spoke of "concern and
anxiety" in connection with an education bill currently being discussed by the
Romanian parliament. Tabajdi described the law as a "touchstone for
Romanian-Hungarian relations." He said Hungary is expecting its neighbor to
meet European standards by passing a law that is "acceptable to the Magyar
minority." * Dan Ionescu
ROMANIAN SENATE CHAIRMAN IN MOLDOVA.
Oliviu Gherman, heading a
parliamentary delegation, began a two-day official visit to Moldova on 8 June,
Radio Bucharest reported. Gherman, who is also chairman of the ruling Party of
Social Democracy in Romania, met with Moldovan Premier Andrei Sangheli, Foreign
Minster Mihai Popov, parliamentary chairman Petru Lucinschi and Dumitru Motpan,
leader of the ruling Moldovan Agrarian Democratic Party. Addressing the
parliament in Chisinau the same day, Gherman recalled that Romania was the
first state to recognize the independence of the Republic of Moldova. He also
stressed Romania's support for Moldova's admission into various international
organizations, including the Council of Europe. Gherman will meet with Moldovan
President Mircea Snegur on 9 June. * Dan Ionescu
KULIKOV: RUSSIA MAY GIVE BULGARIA TANKS.
Marshal Viktor Kulikov, former
military commander of the Warsaw Pact armed forces and now an adviser to
Russian Defense Minister Pavel Grachev, has suggested that Bulgaria might
receive some of the tanks Russia must destroy under the Conventional Armed
Forces in Europe (CFE) treaty, BTA reported on 5 June. This message was
conveyed by Bulgarian Industry Minister Kliment Vouchev following his meeting
that day in Sofia with Kulikov. Bulgaria would then destroy older tanks in its
inventory to meet its CFE limits. Such a "cascading" of excess weapons is
common within NATO but has not occurred among the former Warsaw Pact states. *
MILITARY SEA EXERCISE IN BULGARIA.
A one-day military sea exercise took
place along Bulgaria's Black Sea coast on 8 June, international agencies
reported. Dutch, Greek, Italian, and Turkish ships from NATO's southern fleet
in the Mediterranean and eight Bulgarian ships participated in the maneuvers,
which are taking place within the framework of the Partnership for Peace. NATO
ships are expected to hold another joint exercise in Bulgaria and Romania later
this year. * Fabian Schmidt
DRUGS SEIZED IN BULGARIA.
Bulgarian customs officers seized 21.7 kg of
heroin at the Turkish border on 7 June, AFP reported the following day. The
heroin, worth an estimated $3.3 million, was hidden in a British truck and two
British citizens were detained. The consignment brings the total heroin haul
this year in Bulgaria to 101 kg. * Fabian Schmidt
ENVER HOXHA'S SON SENTENCED TO ONE YEAR.
Ilir Hoxha, the youngest son of
Albanian communist dictator Enver Hoxha, was sentenced to one year in jail on 8
June, AFP and Reuters reported the same day. Hoxha was found guilty of
"inciting national hatred by endangering public peace" and of calling for
"vengeance" and "hatred against parts of the population" in an interview with
the newspaper Modeste. Hoxha was quoted as saying during the trial that
"The day will come when all those who have betrayed my father will have to
answer for their actions." He is the first person to be tried under a new penal
code that took effect in Albania on 1 June. Hoxha denied the charges, saying
his trial was motivated by political revenge. * Fabian Schmidt
TURKEY AND GREECE CLASH OVER TERRITORIAL WATERS . . .
parliament on 8 June passed a resolution empowering the government to take
military measures against Greece, Reuters reported the same day. The resolution
follows the Greek parliament's decision to ratify the Law of the Sea
Convention, which would allow Greece to extend its territorial waters. The
resolution says that "the parliament has decided to invest the government with
all powers to take all measures including military steps deemed necessary to
protect the vital interests of our country." The resolution, however, was
proclaimed "to the world and Greece with friendly sentiments." Ankara claims
that an extension of the six-mile zone to twelve miles around the Greek Islands
would make 70 percent of the Aegean Sea Greek and choke Turkey's access to the
high seas. * Fabian Schmidt
. . . AND AGREE ON NATO MILITARY BUDGET.
Turkey and Greece agreed at a
meeting of NATO defense ministers in Brussels to freeze a series of bilateral
disputes that have blocked the adoption of the 1995 NATO military budget, AFP
reported on 8 June. Under pressure from NATO allies, Turkey agreed to lift for
six months its veto on adopting the military budget. Greece, for its part,
pledged that for a period of three to four months, it would suspend its
opposition to the financing of key NATO headquarters in Izmir. * Fabian
Compiled by Victor Gomez and Jan Cleave
Copyright(c)1995 Open Media Research Institute, Inc. All rights