Canada's Liberal Party leader Justin Trudeau rode a late campaign surge to a stunning election victory on October 19, toppling Prime Minister Stephen Harper's Conservatives with a promise of change.
Canada's major television networks projected a majority for the Liberals, a turn in political fortunes that smashed the record for the number of seats gained from one election to the next. The Liberals had been a distant third place party in parliament before this election.
The projected win ends the Conservatives' nine-year run in power and reflects a political shift away from Harper's brand of fiscal and cultural conservatism, prompting Harper to step down as leader of the party.
Trudeau, 43, the photogenic son of former Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau, inherits his charismatic father's gift for generating "Trudeaumania."
He pledged to run a C$10 billion budget deficit for three years to invest in infrastructure and help stimulate Canada's anemic economy. This rattled financial markets in the run-up to the vote, and the Canadian dollar weakened on news of his victory.
Trudeau promises to repair Ottawa's cool relations with the Obama administration, tackle climate change, and withdraw Canada from the combat mission against Islamic State militants in favor of humanitarian aid and training.