Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has said women cannot be placed "on an equal footing with men."
Speaking at a summit on November 24, Erdogan said heavy manual work, such as "digging the soil" is not suited for women, whose "characters, habits, and physiques are different" from men.
Erdogan also said motherhood should be a priority for women, saying this was the correct Islamic way of life.
Erdogan left the Islamic-rooted Justice and Development Party in August to become president, a nominally non-partisan post.
During his 11-year tenure as prime minister, he was accused of seeking to erode Turkey's secular principles and limiting civil liberties of women.
Erdogan has said every Turkish family should have at least three children, and proposed to limit abortion rights.
Based on reporting by dpa and AFP