The European Union has imposed sanctions on Alyaksandr Lukashenka, his son Viktar, and 13 other high-ranking Belarusian officials held responsible for “violence, unjustified arrests, and falsification” of the presidential election nearly three months ago.
The EU Official Journal on November 6 published the names of the 15 individuals subject to visa bans and asset freezes.
They joined the names of 40 other Belarusian officials who were targeted by similar restrictive measures in early October for their alleged role in the brutal repression of protesters and the opposition, as well as fraud during the August 9 vote.
The Canadian government later announced it had imposed sanctions against an additional 13 Belarusian government officials over the "systematic campaign of repression and state-sponsored violence against public protests and the activities of opposition groups" in Belarus.
Mass demonstrations have swept across Belarus since the disputed presidential election that the opposition says was rigged and the West has refused to accept, ratcheting up pressure on Lukashenka, who has ruled the country for 26 years.
Thousands of people have been arrested since authorities declared Lukashenka the winner of the vote. Most of the country's opposition leaders have been arrested or forced to leave the country.
The EU said it considers Lukashenka "responsible for the violent repression by the state apparatus" carried out before and after the presidential election, citing "the dismissal of key opposition candidates, arbitrary arrests and ill-treatment of peaceful demonstrators, as well as intimidation and violence against journalists."
Crisis In Belarus
Read our coverage as Belarusians take to the streets to demand the resignation of President Alyaksandr Lukashenka and call for new elections after official results from the August 9 presidential poll gave Lukashenka a landslide victory.
Viktar Lukashenka, a national-security adviser to his father and member of the Security Council of Belarus, is accused of being responsible for "the repression and intimidation campaign."
Those targeted by the second batch of EU sanctions also include Ihar Serhyaenka, chief of staff of the presidential administration; Ivan Tertel, the head of the State Security Committee, the KGB; and Investigative Committee Chairman Ivan Naskevich.
The chairman of the Constitutional Court, Pyotr Miklashevich, was also blacklisted due to a court decision "by which the results of the fraudulent elections were legitimized."
Asset freezes and visa bans were imposed by the EU on Lukashenka and hundreds of other Belarusian officials in early 2011 following a crackdown on demonstrators in the wake of the December 2010 presidential election.
Most of the measures, including those on Lukashenka, were lifted in 2016 after the bloc concluded that Minsk had released all political prisoners and EU-Belarus relations had improved.
The blacklisting of Lukashenka and 14 others comes after a report found “massive and systematic” human rights violations in Belarus before and in the wake of the presidential vote, including election fraud, excessive police violence and systematic torture, as well as widespread arrests of peaceful protesters.
The report, prepared by an independent expert under the auspices of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), called for new elections, the immediate release of all political prisoners, and the establishment of an independent, international investigation into all allegations of torture and ill-treatment.
"This is an extremely important and timely report that captures a wide range of repression and cruelty that Belarusian authorities have unleashed on peaceful democracy protesters and their supporters," Rachel Denber, deputy Europe and Central Asia director at Human Rights Watch, said in a statement on November 6.
Denber urged governments to use the report "as a blueprint for action, to ensure that no stone is left unturned in the pursuit of accountability for the human rights crimes that continue in Belarus."
Meanwhile, the Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ) urged Belarusian authorities to stop "trying to intimidate the media with beatings, jail sentences, fines, and criminal prosecutions."
"This war of attrition on Belarusian journalists is unproductive at best. The political crisis in Belarus persists and journalists will, rightfully, persist in covering it," Gulnoza Said, CPJ's Europe and Central Asia Program coordinator, said in a statement.
As of November 5, nine journalists were in detention for covering protests that erupted after the election, the New York-based media freedom watchdog quoted the Belarusian Association of Journalists as saying. Three of them face criminal charges.
Since election day on August 9, a total of 320 journalists have been detained, according to the Belarusian association.