Palestinian Authority President Mahmud Abbas' Fatah faction has called for an "angry" demonstration on December 20 to protest against a visit to Jerusalem by U.S. Vice President Mike Pence.
The call on December 16 came after President Donald Trump on December 6 announced he would recognize Jerusalem as Israel's capital and begin the process of moving the U.S. Embassy to the divided city.
The decision angered many in the Arab and Muslim world, as well as U.S. allies in Europe and elsewhere.
The United Nations Security Council on December 16 began considering a draft resolution that would reject Trump's decision. Nine votes would be needed for it to pass, but the United States would be able to veto it if approved.
The one-page document, which was drafted by the Egyptian delegation, would declare that any decision on the status of Jerusalem would have no legal effect and must be reversed.
The document was sent to the 15 members of the Security Council on December 16 and could be voted on early next week.
The status of Jerusalem is one of the most sensitive issues of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.
Palestinians regard it as the capital of their future state. Israel has annexed East Jerusalem and declared all of the city as its capital, a move never recognized by the international community. Most countries have their embassies in Tel Aviv.
Fatah in its December 16 statement said that "we call for angry protests at the entrances to Jerusalem and in its Old City to coincide with the visit on [December 20] of U.S. Vice President Mike Pence and to protest against Trump's decision."
The Palestinian Authority previously said it would refuse to meet with Pence during his upcoming Middle East visit.
The United States has said that despite Trump's announcement, it remains committed to helping to forge an Israeli-Palestinian peace deal.