In the lead-up to the Russian Constitutional Court's approval of a raft of amendments to the basic law that could, among other things, allow President Vladimir Putin to run for two additional terms, hundreds of scholars, journalists, and legal experts warned that a "constitutional crisis and a pseudo-legal, unconstitutional coup" loomed over the country.
Just hours before the court on March 16 affirmed that Putin had a right to make the changes, more than 420 people had signed the open letter published by Ekho Moskvy.
The court's decision on the amendments -- which have already been approved by all regional legislatures, both houses of parliament, and Putin himself -- leaves only a nationwide vote in the way of them becoming law.
The letter makes three main arguments against the changes.
The first is that the amendment nullifying the terms of the current president, which effectively could allow Putin to start an entirely new presidential career, is "fundamentally unlawful, and politically and ethically unacceptable."
The letter further expresses deep concern regarding amendments to Chapters 3 and 8 of the constitution, which pertain to federal structure and local self-government, respectively.
The letter says the changes are not in keeping with Chapter 1, which lays out the fundamentals of Russia's constitutional system, and Chapter 2, which deals with individuals' rights. Neither of those two chapters are changed, creating a "situation of internal contradiction" and leading to the "paralysis and degradation of constitutional legal mechanisms."
Finally, the letter criticizes the "gross violation of the procedure for adopting constitutional amendments," saying that the avenue taken for the pending amendments "openly violates" federal law.
Ultimately, the letter concludes that the situation "undermines the evolutionary development of our country on the principles of democracy and freedoms and threatens to turn into a new tragedy of national discord."
The letter follows the publication of an online "manifesto" by Novaya gazeta in January decrying what it called a "coup" to "keep Vladimir Putin and his corrupt regime in power for life."
That initiative, which has been signed by more than 22,000 people, called on Russian citizens to vote against the amendments if they are put forward in a public ballot.
With the Constitutional Court's March 16 decision, the vote is expected to be held on April 22. The majority would determine whether the amendments will be accepted or not.