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Yalta, The Conference That Carved Up Europe

It's 70 years since the conference that set the tone for the division of Europe and the Cold War. Soviet leader Josef Stalin hosted U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill at the Crimean Black Sea resort of Yalta to discuss arrangements in Europe after the defeat of Nazi Germany. It was agreed Germany would be divided into four separate zones of occupation. In addition, Stalin demanded the establishment of a Soviet sphere of influence in Eastern Europe -- eventually establishing a chain of communist satellite states.

Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov (center) talks with Admiral Nikolai Kuznetsov (right), as they wait to greet the U.S. and British delegations at Simferopol's airport.  
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Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov (center) talks with Admiral Nikolai Kuznetsov (right), as they wait to greet the U.S. and British delegations at Simferopol's airport.
 

The Livadia Palace, where the meetings of the Yalta Conference were held between February 4-11, 1945
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The Livadia Palace, where the meetings of the Yalta Conference were held between February 4-11, 1945

Day one of the conference. Seated from left: the Soviet delegation (Deputy People's Commissar of Foreign Affairs Ivan Maisky, Stalin and General of the Army Aleksei Antonov) and the U.S. delegation (General of the Army George C. Marshall, Fleet Admiral William D. Leahy, and Roosevelt). Churchill can be seen bottom left with his characteristic cigar. Reproduced from a photograph.
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Day one of the conference. Seated from left: the Soviet delegation (Deputy People's Commissar of Foreign Affairs Ivan Maisky, Stalin and General of the Army Aleksei Antonov) and the U.S. delegation (General of the Army George C. Marshall, Fleet Admiral William D. Leahy, and Roosevelt). Churchill can be seen bottom left with his characteristic cigar. Reproduced from a photograph.

Roosevelt (left) and his press secretary, Steve Early, confer with Churchill (right) on February 4.
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Roosevelt (left) and his press secretary, Steve Early, confer with Churchill (right) on February 4.

British sailors in Crimea during the conference
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British sailors in Crimea during the conference

The Big Three leaders line up for one of the most famous images of the conference.
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The Big Three leaders line up for one of the most famous images of the conference.

Participants of the Yalta Conference seen at the Istorichesky Boulevard during a walk through the city. Image reproduced from a photograph.
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Participants of the Yalta Conference seen at the Istorichesky Boulevard during a walk through the city. Image reproduced from a photograph.

Soviet Black Sea Fleet ships head for a rendezvous with U.S. and British vessels at the Bosphorus.
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Soviet Black Sea Fleet ships head for a rendezvous with U.S. and British vessels at the Bosphorus.

Soviet, U.S., and British officers gather at the Officers' Club in Yalta, under the gaze of portraits of Stalin and Karl Marx.
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Soviet, U.S., and British officers gather at the Officers' Club in Yalta, under the gaze of portraits of Stalin and Karl Marx.

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