Ayatollah Muhammad Baqir al-Hakim was killed in August 2003
27 December 2004 -- Apparent assassination attempt in Baghdad on the leader of the best-organized Shi'a party, the Supreme Council for the Islamic Revolution in Iraq (SCIRI). There is no indication of who carried out the attack, and al-Hakim said his party will not respond to it. The SCIRI leader heads the list of one of the leading slates of candidates that will vie for votes on 30 January, the Unified Iraqi Coalition. Al-Hakim was unhurt, but at least 13 people outside the compound were killed.
11 November 2004 -- Kirkuk Governor Abd al-Rahman Mustafa escapes an apparent assassination attempt. The incident occurred when Mustafa's convoy was the target of a car bomb on the Shahidan Bridge in the city. Fourteen people are killed, including six of the governor's bodyguards.
1 November 2004 -- Baghdad Deputy Governor Hatim Kamil was killed by gunmen in a drive-by shooting. The militant group Ansar al-Sunnah Army claims responsibility for Kamil's death. His murder comes on the day that voter registration begins for the 30 January 2005 ballot.
17 October 2004 -- Former Iraqi interim national security adviser Muwaffaq al-Rubay'i reportedly survives an assassination attempt on 17 October. Al-Rubay'i's vehicle was reportedly attacked in the upscale Mansur neighborhood of Baghdad as he traveled to his home. Voice of the Mujahedin Radio later reports that al-Rubay'i accused unnamed members of the government and intelligence services of attempting to kill him.
7 September 2004 -- Baghdad Governor Ali al-Haydari escapes an assassination attempt in the capital, as a roadside bomb detonates as his car approached. He says he is sure that the bomb targeted his vehicle, since it detonated just 1 meter away. Two bystanders are killed in the attack.
1 September 2004 -- Unknown gunmen on 1 September open fire on Iraqi National Congress (INC) head Ahmad Chalabi, 40 kilometers south of Baghdad. Two of Chalabi's associates are injured. Chalabi, a secular-oriented Shi'ite, is the founder of the INC, an Iraqi exile group that was supported by the Pentagon.
24 August 2004 -- The Iraqi education and environment ministers are targeted in separate assassination attempts in Baghdad. An explosive charge is set off near a car transporting Education Minister Sami al-Muzaffar, killing two people and wounding three others. The minister escapes unhurt. Environment Minister Mishkat al-Mu'min is reportedly targeted when a car bomb detonated near her convoy. Four of her bodyguards are killed in the explosion, but al-Mu'min is unhurt. Gunmen also assassinate Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK) official Shirzad Husayn al-Jabadi in Kirkuk the same day.
11 August 2004 -- Ali al-Khalisi of the Supreme Council for the Islamic Revolution in Iraq (SCIRI) is gunned down in Al-Mahmudiyah. The Jama'at Al-Tawhid wa Al-Jihad group affiliated with fugitive Jordanian terrorist Abu Mus'ab al-Zarqawi claim responsibility.
19 June 2004 -- Health Minister Ala al-Din Abd al-Sahib al-Alwan escapes an assassination attempt when a roadside bomb detonates near his vehicle in central Baghdad. Police arriving at the scene to investigate the incident are fired on by unidentified assailants. Seven policemen are wounded in the incident, as well as 10 civilians.
27 May 2004 -- Iraqi Governing Council member Salamah al-Khafaji survives an assassination attempt. One of her bodyguards is killed and two wounded in the ambush, which occurred in Al-Yusufiyah south of Baghdad.
17 May 2004 -- Iraqi Governing Council President for the month of May Abd al-Zahra Uthman Muhammad is killed in a car bombing in Baghdad.
5 February 2004 -- Iraqi Shi'ite Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani survives an assassination attempt in the holy city of Al-Najaf. A security aide to al-Sistani tells Reuters that "at 10 o'clock this morning, gunmen opened fire on Ayatollah al-Sistani as he greeted people in Al-Najaf, but he was not hurt."
12 October 2003 -- Iraqi Oil Minister Ibrahim Bahr al-Ulum and Nabil al-Musawi, an aide to Iraqi National Congress head and Governing Council member Ahmad Chalabi, escapes an assassination attempt in Baghdad. The incident occurs in the Mansur district of Baghdad when unidentified gunmen open fire on a convoy of five vehicles transporting the two men.
20 September 2003 -- Iraqi Governing Council member Aqilah al-Hashimi is shot and seriously wounded by gunmen near her Baghdad home.
29 August 2003 -- Ayatollah Muhammad Baqir al-Hakim is killed in a car bombing on 29 August as he leaves the Imam Ali Mosque in Al-Najaf following a noon Friday prayers sermon. Some 80 Iraqis are killed and more than 100 injured in the incident. Al-Hakim came from a prominent Iraqi Shi'a family, and like many of his relatives, he was a leading opponent of the Ba'athist regime. It is still unclear whether Hussein loyalists, militants, or elements within the Iranian regime are responsible for the assassination.