"The situation in Afghanistan requires a continued strong coalition presence like all operations in that country," Howard said. "There is danger. The situation in Afghanistan still remains in a number of parts of the country quite fraught and it's important that any commitment we make be understood in that context."
Australia already has some 300 troops in Afghanistan, including 190 special-forces soldiers.
Meanwhile, Defense Minister Brendan Nelson said Australia will keep troops currently guarding Japanese engineers in Iraq even if Tokyo's commitment ends.
Nelson said the Australian contingent of 470 troops deployed in the southern Al-Muthanna Province would be used to train local security forces if the Japanese left.
Speculation has been rife that Japan may start withdrawing its soldiers this year.
(Reuters, AP, AFP)