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Police detained at least five people at the unsanctioned gay rights rally near the Hermitage Museum in Russia's second city of St. Petersburg on June 26.
Russian gay rights activists have gathered at St. Petersburg's world-famous Hermitage Museum for a brief unsanctioned rally that ended with a police raid and at least five detentions.

The three dozen or so protesters held their protest in the inner courtyard of the museum, where they unfurled banners and chanted slogans in front of tourists queuing up for tickets.

One of the banners read "Peter the First was bisexual."

"We chanted: 'Same-sex marriages without compromise,' 'Equality for gays and lesbians,' 'Homophobia is a national shame,' and 'Homophobia is a disease,'" Maria Yefremenkovo, the rally's organizer, told RFE/RL's Russian Service. "One young man treated us as pederasts, others just watched with some dismay and a few smiled."

Using similar tactics to a gay rights protest in Moscow last month, organizers only revealed the location of the demonstration at the last moment to outwit riot police.

They say the subterfuge was needed to avoid a repeat of the violence that has marred previous attempts to hold Gay Pride parades, when police, nationalists, and ultra-Orthodox believers beat protesters.

The June 26 rally was nonetheless quickly broken up by police and five activists were briefly detained, including Yefremenkovo.

Homosexuality could be punished with prison in Soviet times. Russia has since decriminalized homosexuality but intolerance remains very widespread, with nationalists and ultra-Orthodox believers saying homosexuals should be punished or treated in hospital.

Polls have shown more than 80 percent of Russians regard homosexuality as immoral.

Moscow Mayor Yury Luzhkov has described gay rallies as satanic and vowed not to allow them in his city.

written by Claire Bigg based on RFE/RL's Russian Service and wire reports
Iranian-Canadian blogger Hossein Derakhshan
Media watchdog Reporters Without Borders (RSF) has criticized the trial of a controversial Iranian blogger, RFE/RL's Radio Farda reports.

The trial of Hossein Derakhshan, known as the "Blogfather" for helping to popularize blogging in Iran, began on June 23.

RSF spokesman Reza Mooeni told RFE/RL on June 24 that Derakhshan faces charges of "conspiracy" and "acting against national security." But he said the "true nature of the charges" against Derakhshan remain unclear.

"The contents on his blog and in other media outlets during the past two years, practically speaking, did not impose a danger to the Islamic republic and its government," Mooeni said.

Mooeni said Derakhshan was put on trial only because of his blogging activity. He told RFE/RL that Derakhshan "was one of the few [Iranian writers] that would write whatever [he] discovered under his actual name."

Mooeni said Derakhshan's lawyer has not had access to his client, which he said is common with Iranian lawyers who defend journalists and bloggers.

Mooeni said Derakhshan, who also has Canadian citizenship, would benefit from assertive Canadian advocacy on his behalf. He said that while Iran does not recognize dual nationality, Canada has taken steps to support Derakhshan.

Derakhshan has been in jail since November 2008.

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"Watchdog" is a blog with a singular mission -- to monitor the latest developments concerning human rights, civil society, and press freedom. We'll pay particular attention to reports concerning countries in RFE/RL's broadcast region.

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