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Iran Police Clash With Protesters Over Daily's Closure

Mehdi Karubi's daily has been shut down by the authorities
TEHRAN (Reuters) -- Iranian police have used batons to disperse dozens of opposition supporters chanting "death to the dictator" in central Tehran to protest against the closure of a reformist newspaper, a witness said.

The August 17 street unrest after Iran's disputed June 12 presidential vote took place near the offices of "Etemad-e Melli," the daily of leading pro-reform cleric Mehdi Karubi.

Karubi angered many hardliners last week by saying some postelection protesters had been raped in jail. His party said on August 17 that the paper had been temporarily shut down, and the prosecutor's office later confirmed this.

"In accordance with the law...the "Etemad-e Melli" newspaper belonging to Mr Karubi has been suspended until further notice," an official statement carried by the semi-official Mehr News Agency said, without giving a reason.

Although the security forces quelled the mass demonstrations that erupted after the vote, backers of defeated moderate candidates have defied the authorities by staging several smaller rallies over the last month.

The poll and its turbulent aftermath have plunged Iran into its biggest internal crisis since the 1979 Islamic Revolution, exposing deepening divisions within its ruling elite and further straining relations with the West.

The witness said he had seen police beat two young men who were in one of several smaller groups of protesters moving around in the streets near the Etemad-e Melli building, chanting antigovernment slogans.

The witness, who declined to be named, said he had seen one demonstrator being arrested and put into a police car. The authorities say such street protests are illegal.

Earlier, police prevented demonstrators from gathering outside the "Etemad-e Melli" offices, where the witness said he saw scores of police and police vehicles.

"They tried to gather in front of the building but police did not let them and told them to leave," the witness said.

About 400 protesters at one stage gathered a few hundred metres away, chanting "death to the dictator," "where are our votes," "independence, freedom, Iranian republic," he said.


Karubi came fourth in the election, but he and the moderate runner-up, Mir Hossein Musavi, say it was rigged to secure hardline President Mahmud Ahmadinejad's reelection. Ahmadinejad and his allies deny it.

Ahmadinejad has until August 19 to present a cabinet to parliament for approval but may get a rough ride from the conservatives who dominate the assembly, as well as from his moderate foes who see his next government as illegitimate.

In an apparent bid to shore up his support among women, Ahmadinejad said on August 16 his next government would include at least three female ministers. It would be the first time women had held ministerial positions in the Islamic Republic.

Karubi and Musavi campaigned on the need to improve the position of women in Iran. Rights activists say Iranian women face institutionalized discrimination, for example in laws relating to divorce and child custody.

Ahmadinejad has yet to say who will head the Oil Ministry, one of the most important cabinet positions as crude sales account for most state revenue in a country which is under U.S. and UN sanctions over its disputed nuclear program.

Thousands were arrested after the election, in Iran's worst street unrest since the revolution three decades ago, but the authorities have rejected as "baseless" Karubi's allegations that some male and female detainees were raped.

Some hardliners have called for him to be arrested or tried if he failed to prove his allegations were true. Karubi says he has evidence of mistreatment of detainees. Last week, he said some of those arrested were killed under torture.

"Etemad-e Melli's" managing editor, Mohammad-Javad Haqshenas, said the paper was closed late on August 16 because it planned to publish a statement by Karubi on its front page on August 17.

In the statement, carried by the party's website, Karubi responded to "insults" against him by his hardline opponents and said he would not be silenced.

The labour news agency ILNA quoted an unnamed judiciary official as saying the paper had continued to publish material contrary to the law despite an "abundance of complaints, court warnings and repeated summons to the court."

At least 200 people remain in jail, including senior moderate politicians, activists, lawyers and journalists. Iran has this month staged three mass trials of detainees.

One of those put on trial, French teaching assistant Clotilde Reiss, has been freed on bail, President Nicolas Sarkozy's office said in a statement on August 16.

Tehran prosecutor Saeed Mortazavi said Reiss's bail was set at about $300,000, and that the investigation had been concluded, media reported. Reiss, detained in early July, has been charged with aiding a Western plot against the Iranian government after the vote.