The presidential office says Berdymukhammedov's directive also reinstated university entrance exams, which had been ditched in favor of interviewing prospective students.
The presidential order also calls for broader education for high-school students.
The move is part of a series of education reforms reversing policies set by Berdymukhammedov's predecessor, Saparmurat Niyazov, who died in December.
Following his inauguration last month, Berdymukhammedov reinstated 10 years of mandatory education, instead of nine.
(with material from AP)
LIFE UNDER NIYAZOV: On July 21, RFE/RL's Prague broadcasting center hosted a presentation by TAJIGUL BEGMEDOVA, chairwoman of the Bulgaria-based Turkmenistan Helsinki Foundation for Human Rights (THF). Begmedova discussed the human rights situation in Turkmenistan under President Saparmural Niyazov, focusing on the arrests in June of THF activists and RFE/RL Turkmen Service correspondent Ogulsapar Muradova. Begmedova, who graduated from the Institute of Economy in Moscow in 1987, fled Turkmenistan in 2002 and lives in exile in Sofia.
LISTENListen to the complete presentation (36 minutes; presentation in Russian with consecutive translation into English):
Real Audio Windows Media
Some RFE/RL Coverage Of Human Rights In Turkmenistan:
ARCHIVE RFE/RL coverage of Turkmenistan.