The nine had reportedly been given asylum in the United States and were living in the southwestern state of Arizona.
They boarded a flight to Uzbekistan on July 13. The reasons behind their return are unclear.
One Uzbek refugee who was transported by the UN to the Czech Republic said he believed the Uzbek president, Islam Karimov, had given "personal" guarantees of safety if they return home and that others planned to join the nine who just went back.
"We trust there is great goodness and kindness ahead of us," he said.
The UN transported 439 Uzbek refugees to third countries last year. Many others remain in Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan, living illegally but afraid to return to Uzbekistan.
Uzbek refugees in Kyrgyzstan on May 19, 2005 (epa)
NO PLACE TO GO: More than 400 Uzbeks who fled in panic in the hours and days after troops opened fire on demonstrators in Andijon one year ago have been granted political asylum outside Central Asia. In limbo for weeks in Kyrgyzstan as they and the world tried to come to grips with the bloody events of May 12 and 13, they feared for their lives and the lives of family members as the official crackdown continued.... (more)
For an annotated timeline of the Andijon events and their repercussions, click here.